The Orange Revolution

Changes in a Corrupt Ukraine

☭A Brief History of Ukraine☭

Ukraine was a part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics from 1922 to 1991, but gained its political freedom when the USSR fell and is now independent. It is the second largest country in Europe with many natural resources, and it is a major industrial and agricultural producer. In its past, it was often ruled by foreign countries, but is now run by a Ukrainian president, a prime minister, and the Ukrainian Supreme Court. In 1996, Ukraine was established as a multiparty democracy, but in 2004, it was declared a dual executive (divided powers between the president and then the prime minister and parliament).
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☭What is the Orange Revolution?☭

The Orange Revolution was a civil protest campaign against the results of Ukraine's corrupt presidential election of 2004. It was led by Viktor Yushchenko, who had been poisoned during the campaign, and his supporters. It mainly took place in Kiev, Ukraine's capital. The Orange Revolution was named after the Yushchenko coalition's campaign color. The protesters showed their resolve and beliefs by leading nonviolent rallies to challenge the government's actions. Protesters wore orange, and put up orange around the city, because it was the color of the Orange Revolution. Civic groups were created to ensure that the government would keep its promises to its citizens and no longer be corrupt. The people of Ukraine came together for a common purpose: to make their country better.

☭Effects of the Orange Revolution☭

The initial 2004 election had voting irregularities and political scandals, which, combined with the Orange Revolution, led to the Supreme Court overruling the election on November 28, 2004, and Yushchenko's victory.
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☭Viktor Yushchenko's Presidential Term☭

Yushchenko's term was full of deadlock and political unrest. He named Yulia Tymoshenko, his coalition partner, as the prime minister, but they soon argued. Yuschenko dismissed Tymoshenko, but eventually, she got her position back. The government was frozen because their leaders were in constant disagreement. Viktor Yushchenko's term was full of misrule, despite what he had stood for in the beginning. However, civic groups who were rallied by him didn't let that stop them- they continued fighting for their beliefs.
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☭Civic Actions☭

Ukraine was in a political crisis for months. Despite Viktor Yanukovych's "Revolution of Dignity," the country is still corrupt. The government is deadlocked, foreign aid is not helping, and the separation of powers between president and prime minister is unclear. Aresniy Tatseniuk reduced Ukraine's reliance on Russia, but his administration was tarnished by scandals. Reforms have been stalled, but Ukrainian civic groups are looking to force the government to follow through on their promises. They have strong international support and want to reform their government system, replace old, corrupt police forces with new ones, limit election campaigns' private funding, and replace the prosecutor's office. The civic groups want new institutions to replace corrupt ones and to prevent political parties from being bribed and controlled. The government is frozen and Ukraine is dependent on foreign aid. Groups such as the National Anti-Corruption Bureau (NABU), which investigates high level government corruption, and the National Agency for the Prevention of Corruption, which monitors the income of government officials, have been created to prevent the new government from acting with misconduct as the last one did.
"Orange Revolution' documentary film trailer

☭Works Cited☭

Bilocerkowycz, Jaroslaw. "Ukraine." Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Online, 2016. Web. 9 May. 2016.

"Clean-up crew; Ukraine's struggle against corruption." The Economist 16 Apr. 2016: 42(US). Student Edition. Web. 10 May 2016.

"Ukraine: History." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2016. Web. 9 May 2016.

☭Assessment Question☭

Assessment Question: How did the participants demonstrate their belief system through their protests?

The Ukrainians who were a part of the Orange Revolution showed that they wanted a fair democracy. They didn't want their government to be corrupt and their elections rigged. The Ukrainians wanted their new government, free of Soviet influence, to stop withholding information from the citizens, for the government officials to not be bribed, and for their government to be fair and clean. They wanted the government to follow through on their promises. The people of Ukraine wanted truth.