Transatlantic Effects

Tyler Huang 4th Period AP World History

1. Describe the social effects of the slave trade.

The social effects of the slave trade were profoundly devastating in many aspects concerning demographics in affected societies. The population sizes and ratios of many independent African society became highly skewed. Since the young males were the most favorable to be sold into slavery, most were chosen out of that age and gender group. This had an major effect on overall population size, birth rate and male-female ratio.

2. Describe the political effects of the slave trade.

The slave trade also had ramifications in political matters in Africa. The slave trade caused many Africans to participate in conflicts that they never would have if the slave trade never had happened. Matters became worse whenever European firearms came into the hands of Africans. The Kingdom of Dahomey expanded to get more slaves in exchanged for firearms.

3. How did the plantation system work in the New World (What cash crops were produced?

The plantations that dominated the New World were situated within the subtropical and tropical regions of North and South America. The Spanish were among the first to utilize the large expanse of fertile land to found plantations in modern day Haiti and Dominican Republic. Several of those plantations farmed and cultivated sugar as a cash crop, which is a crop that is very profitable. Alternative profitable crops were cotton, indigo, tobacco, and coffee. Tobacco was usually cultivated within the northeastern English colonies, whereas cotton was cultivated in southern regions.

4. How did slaves resist? (Forms of resistance?)

Slaves opposed the masters of plantations in different ways. Slaves would work at slowly in the plantations and work efficiently when alone. Another type of resistance was escape. Slaves that plotted to escape were called maroons. Maroons would make their own particular groups free from guidelines of masters. Slave revolts also happened. Slaves would rise up in opposition to their masters in vicious uprisings.