The branch of science that deals with the study of viruses

Robert Gallo

Co- founder of The Insitute of Human Virology (IHV). In 1984, he co-discovered HIV as the cause of Aids, the deadliest disease in medical history and since he has discovered it, he has been working much of his career trying to end it. He also pioneered the development of the HIV blood test which screened the AIDs virus for the first time, leading to more rapid diagnosis while protecting patients receiving blood transfusions. His research also helped therapies for people with the infections virus. In 1996, his discovery that a natural compound known as chemokines can block HIV and halt the progression of Aids and was named by Science magazine as that year’s most important breakthrough. Before his AIDS epidemic, he was the first to identify a human retroviruses shown to cause human cancer. In 1986, he and his group discover the first new human herpes in more than 25 years.


Edward Jenner

Dr Edward Jenner was born in 1749 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire. Edward Jenner attended schools in Wotton-under-Edge and Cirencester. At the age of 14 Jenner was apprenticed for seven years to Mr Daniel Ludlow, a surgeon of Chipping Sodbury. Here Jenner gained most of the experience needed to become a country doctor. Jenner was smart and excelled in medicine and despite training in London, returned to live in Berkeley where he pioneered his most famous work - vaccination.In 1801 he issued a pamphlet and ended that smallpox species. it took over 180 years to fulfil his prediction


Jonas Salk

Born in New York on October 28, 1914. He grew up poor in New York City, education was very important to his family so they encouraged him to apply himself to his studies. He attended the City College of New York where he earned his bachelor’s degree in science. He earned interned at Mount Sinai Hospital for two years. He then earned a fellowship to the University of Michigan where he studied flu viruses with Dr. Thomas Francis Jr. In 1947 he took a position at University of Pittsburgh researching polio. By 1951 he discovered three different types of polio and was able to develop a killed virus vaccine for the disease. He impacted over 57,000 case of polio.