Bipolar Disorder

By Sakshi N. TB2

Definition

Depression disorder that affects the way a person's brain functions.

The types...

Bipolar disorders are classified into four types:

Bipolar I

Bipolar II

Cyclothymic Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

Signs/Symptoms

Symptoms of Mania:

Racing speech

Increased energy

Decreased need for sleep

Elevated mood and exaggerated optimism

Increased physical and mental activity

Excessive irritability, aggressive behavior and impatience

Poor judgment

Reckless behavior – excessive spending or rash decisions.

Difficulty concentrating

Inflated sense of self-importance

Symptoms of depression:

Loss of interest in activities

Prolonged sad or irritable mood

Loss of energy

fatigue

Feelings of guilt or worthlessness

Sleeping too much or inability to sleep

Drop in grades and inability to concentrate

Inability to experience pleasure

Appetite loss or overeating

Anger, worrying and anxiety

Thoughts of death or suicide

How does it affect someone?

Kids and teens can go back and forth between mania and depression in short intervals. Even in the span of a day.

Episodes of mania and depression may happen irregularly and follow an unpredictable pattern.(in both kids, teens, and adults)

Between episodes the person will return to normal or near normal. For some people there is no break at all.

Other names

  • Depressive disorder
  • Manic depression
  • Manic-depressive disorder
  • Bipolar mood disorder
  • Bipolar affective disorder
  • Manic-depressive illness

Who's it diagnosed by?

  1. Doctor
  2. Psychiatrist
  3. Psychologist

How can it be treated?

Symptoms show differently in different people.

When doctors know what type they can tailor the treatment to that person’s specific needs.

Popular treatment methods are:

Medication - Mood stabilizers

Counseling

Psychotherapy

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