o.c.d & eating disorders

can having a eating disorder lead to o.c.d?

What is o.c.d?

O.c.d was considered part of anxiety disorders but now is its own unique disorder. people with o.c.d are haunted with extreme fears and repetitive behaviors.Performing certain rituals in a way to get rid of the obsessive thoughts.

fears and compulsions

some fears include the fear of


-dirt

-making a mistake

-need for order

-excessive doubt



Compulsions

-showering

- washing hands
-checking on/for things

-constant counting

-repeating things multiple times

What causes O.c.d

there are biological and environmental factors that can cause o.c.d.


Biological Factors:scientist now thinking that problems in the pathways of the brain can cause o.c.d. And there's also evidence of o.c.d symptoms being passed down from parents to children.


environmental factors:

-abuse

-changes in living situation

-illness

-death of a love one

-work or school related changes or problems

-relationship concerns

STATISTICS

o.c.d effects

3.3 million adults and about 1 million children

mostly between the ages of 18-54

so about 1 out of 200 adults have o.c.d and most symptoms show typically around the ages of 6-15 for males and 20-29 for females.


there's also about 200,000 to 3 million case per year of o.c.d

treatment

treatment includes a combination of medications with cognitive behavioral therapy.


cognitive behavioral therapy is mostly to teach people to confront there fears and reduce anxiety without performing the ritualistic behaviors. And combination of medications include antidepressants like paxil, Prozac, and Zoloft can be used alone or with n SSRI a selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor.


In more severe cases doctors may consider electroconvulsive therapy (ect) where the send a small current pass through the scalp causing a brief seizure.

Can O.C.D be prevented

No but early diagnoses can reduce suffering

What does it mean to have an eating disorder?

irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body wieght or shape can lead to an eating disorder.ltimalty damaging an individuals well being


COMMON EATING DISORDERS INLCUDE.......

-anorexia nervosa

-bulimia nervosa

- binge eating


All effecting both men and women.

the different types of eating disorders

Anorexia-having an obsessive fear of gaining weight ,refusal of maintaining a healthy body weight and having an realistic perception of body image. fiercely limiting the quantity of food they consume.


bulimia-repeated binge eating followed by behaviors that compensate for the overeating such as forced vomiting, excessive exercise or extreme use of laxative. leaving a never ending cycle.


binge eating-individuals who frequently lose control over his or her eating and is not followed by purging , fasting, or excessive exercise. leading to obesity.

Causes

-irregular hormones


-genetics


-nutritional deficiencies


-negative body image


-poor self esteem


-sexual abuse


-aesthetically oriented sports like ballet, gymnastics, wrestling.........

signs & symptoms

-chronic dieting


-constant wieght fluctuations


-obssession with calories


-depression


-switching between periods of overeating and fasting.

Treatment

-medical care & monitoring


-nutrition


- therapy


-medications

Can having a eating disorder lead to o.c.d?

the obsession over excising, constant body checks, how many calories your having,frequent weighing and following particular rules when eating a meal in eating disorders can lead to o.c.d.


People with anorexia may count count how many bites or restrict portions of food causing a ritual when eating.



eating disorders can evolve into o.c.d as it allows the person to feel as though they are in control over particular triggers is sought after.

VOCAB

fasting-abstaining from all or some kinds of food or drink


Anxiety-a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome.


SSRI-(Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors). used as antidepressants in the treatment of major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders.