Espanol y El Cerebro

By Noe Reyes

Eric Lenneberg

The right age to learn a language is very debatable. Eric Lenneberg said that learning a second language is best learned between age 2 and puberty, known as the, "Critical Period Hypothesis". Eric Lenneberg was a linguist and neurologist who pioneered ideas on language acquisition. The Critical Period Hypothesis is the very debatable factor that links learning a language to a certain age. The capability to learn a second language is negatively affected by the process of lateralization. lateralization is completed by puberty therefore a second language is recommended to be learned before puberty.

Advantages of learning a new language at a younger age

- They are exposed to more of the language

- They do not have much knowledge of a prior language

- Younger learners can still develop a native like accent

-Less to learn to be considered an average speaker

-More likely to receive comprehensive input

-Younger learners use the same part of the brain

Advantages of learning a new language at a mature age

-Can use conscious strategy to comprehend

-Has prior knowledge of a language to help

-Has more control over input

-Older learners use multiple parts of the brain

-Transfer words from the first language to the second language

Factors that affect second language aquisition

-Motivation is a very key factor in learning a second language because without it you have no desire to be apart of the second language,

-Quality of instruction is another key factor because if you receive poor instruction you will not be able to comprehend some of the words of the second language

-Personality is a factor because you have to have the right mind set to learn the second language