Young Children's Achievement Test

Lydia Eddy



Test Information

Name: YCAT

Authors: Hresko, Peak, Herron, & Bridges

Publisher: PRO-ED, Inc.

Year published: 2000

Type of test: Achievement

Age level of examinees: Between 4 years, 0 monthes (4-0) & 7 years, 11 monthes (7-11)

Skills/concepts measured: Academic ability in General Information (GI); Reading (RE); Mathematics (MA); Writing (WR); & Spoken Language (SL).

Requirements for Testing

  • Time Required: Depending on the child's age & ability, it is administered in 25 to 45 minutes. It is an untimed test, precise time limits are not imposed on children tested.
  • Qualifications of examiner: Some formal training in administering assessment instruments and interpreting assessment data
  • Training should include:

a) a basic understanding of tests and testing statistics;

b) a knowledge of general procedures governing test administration, scoring, and interpretation;

c) specific information about the evaluation of young children.

  • Test materials: Examiner's Manual, a Profile/Examiner Record Booklet, a Student Response Form, and a Picture Book

Scoring & Results

Method of scoring: By hand & responses are either correct or incorrect.

Basal/ceiling guidelines: Always begin test with Item 1 on a subset and continue testing until the child misses three items in a row (ceiling established).

Types of scoring obtained: 1 point for each item passed, up to the ceiling, and 0 points for incorrect items.

  • Raw scores- # of items scored correct on subtest
  • Percentiles- (1-99) indicates the % of the distribution that is equal to or below a particular score
  • Standard scores- (quotients) clearest indication of the child's YCAT performance, with a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15


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