Mobilization for War during WW2

American Mobilzation

FDR's Leadership

In order to resolve the Great Depression FDR started the New Deal programs. These government funded programs served communities across the country in various ways. But more importantly they provided new jobs for the unemployed, which was an epidemic at the time, so it lessened the effects of the Great Depression.


FDR took immediate action as America entered WW2, he funded businesses so that they would stop producing domestic products and start producing war goods. After that he set high production goals this caused businesses to increase their employment numbers and compete for employees. Because so many Americans were part of these businesses, as either employers or employees, it was fair to say that the whole nation was working towards the war effort. However this was not enough so the government started war bonds, and encouraged rationing. In order to get Americans to participate Roosevelt gave speeches that inspired patriotism in the country and an understanding of people's place in the war.

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War Bonds

War is expensive, so in order to pay for it the U.S. government asked everyday citizens to help pay for the war. If citizens wanted to help the war effort they bought a war bond. To encourage people to buy war bonds the government promised a return on the bond with interest. For example a $25 war bond cost $18.75, this meant that $18.75 went towards the war effort, and 10 years after you bought it you could redeem it for $25.
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Rationing

During WW2 the U.S. government introduced a ration system. This was because many items were in short supply as they were being used by the military either to use them to make war goods or to give to the soldiers. The government gave war ration books, and tokens to each American family. This told each American how much they could buy. The Government also created 8000 rationing boards who were in charge of making sure people across the country were adhering to the new restrictions.
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Volunteerism

There was a huge sense of volunteerism during WW2. Examples of this include the 38.8% of men who volunteered for the armed forces. Or the more 150,000 women who volunteered for WAC, Women's Army Corps.
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Victory Gardens

During WW2 there were labor shortages and transportation in the country was being used by the military thus limiting transportation for everyone else, this almost caused food shortages. In order to prevent a food shortage the government encouraged citizens to grow their own food. 20 million responded to the call, adults were growing food at home while children would grow food at school.
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Office of War Information

During WW2 the U.S. government created the Office of War Information to control the content of war related messages distributed to the public. The control of the Office of War Information extended to radio broadcast, posters, newspapers, film, and photography. From these platforms the Office of War Information dispersed propaganda to American, and eventually overseas, civilians.
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Industrial Production Changes

At the beginning of of America's involvement in WW2 FDR was able to convince Industries across America to change their production from domestic products to war goods. After that FDR set incredibly high production goals that forced employers to compete for employees, as such wages went up. A nation that had previously had huge unemployment now didn't have enough workers. Jobs that were once exclusively for men were taken over by women, and employers were encouraged by the U.S. government to accept minorities. This was a huge demographic change, that would have huge ramifications for the years after WW2.
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