アジア文学

Asian Literature

Japanese Culture

Japan was established in the year 710. Japan is made up of 6,852 islands. More than half of the population of Japan do not practice a religion, 35% practices buddhism, 11% practices shino, and 10% practices christianity. Japan uses an constitutional monarchy for their government, the current Emperor is Akihito and he has been in power since 1989. Japan was at first heavily influenced by chinese architecture, but has moved away from that and since has developed their own style. You can see their traditional architecture in temples, shinto shrines, and castles in Kyoto and Nara. Things Japan is known for are: their food, literary rate, unique writing systems, the sport sumo, their technology, and fast-changing fashion. Japan has many beautiful and unique things they do to celebrate tradition. They have a Japanese Tea Ceremony, which is where they do a dramatic tea making where they also serve a 4 course meal, but it was originally created to celebrate Buddhist monasteries. Japanese festivals occur throughout the year to celebrate the many different religions practiced in Japan.
Tea Ceremony Demonstration at Japan Society
SpongeBob SquarePants Bento Lunch Box スポンジボブ・スクエアパンツ弁当 - OCHIKERON - CREATE EAT HAPPY

Shunki Reitaisai

Tuesday, May 17th, 12am to Wednesday, May 18th, 12am

Tochigi, Japan

Tochigi Prefecture

The Grand Festival of Spring! The procession departs from a shrine called Otabisho by the Shinkyo Bridge located to the south of Futarasan-jinja Shrine. It is led by three portable shrines which carry the spirits of the three Shoguns, including Tokugawa Ieyasu. They are followed by Shinto priests on horseback and samurai warriors clad in full armor. There are no special attractions, but this enhances the grandiosity and elegance of the procession all the more, impressing the spectators with the dignity of the samurai warriors.

It is also worthwhile listening to the ancient court music and viewing the dance performances which are carried out upon the arrival of the portable shrines at Toshogu Shrine. The 17th features yabusame, with archers dressed in samurai style shooting at targets while on horseback. A similar procession is held in October but on about half the scale of the spring procession.

"Let It Go" in Japanese - Sing along with subtitle!

Japanese Fashion

Indian Culture

India was established in 1947. India only has 1.2 million square miles of landmass, but has a population of 1.2 billion people! More than half of the population practices hinduism, 14% practice islam, 11% practice christianity, and 3% practice folk religions. Japan practices a democratic republic. The current prime minister of India is Narendra Damodardas, he has been in power since 2014. India has been constantly changing their architecture since the beginning of their time. Things India is known for are: cricket, Bollywood, trains, festivals, spiritually, jewelry, freedom struggle, their food, contribution to mathematics, and the Taj Mahal. Indian culture is focused around the caste system. This system determines who they will marry, often what career they will pursue, where they can live, and what they eat. India has always struggled for their freedom as was over taken by the British for 90 years! But they later gained their freedom in 1947 and became their own country.
Real Indian food in Delhi - Gordon Ramsay
East India Company - History | Mocomi Kids

Buddha Purnima Timings

Saturday, May 21st, 12am

India

The Jungle Book - Title Song (Hindi) (TV Serial)
Rapunzel - Classic || Princess Stories For Kids In Hindi

Indian Fashion

Haiku Examples By: Basho Matsuo

An old silent pond...

A frog jumps into the pond,

splash! Silence again.

_______________________


Autumn moonlight—

a worm digs silently

into the chestnut.

______________________


Lightning flash—

what I thought were faces

are plumes of pampas grass.

Susie Mannis Sigman reading "Haiku From A Single Mom"

Tanka Examples By: Shadow Poetry

A cool wind blows in

With a blanket of silence.

Straining to listen

For those first few drops of rain,

The storm begins in earnest.

_________________________________


Subtle hints of spring

In the wet bark of the tree

Dew dripping from leaves

Then runs down the russet trunk

Pools round the roots and is drunk.


Tanka Reading

Taoism

Taoism is a spiritual, philosophical, and religious tradition of Chinese origin. Taoism has no written record of when it was first created.Taoism practices living in harmony on your path. Taoism is a belief that allows a person to live in their own way to find their inner peace and their own path. Taoism is simply accepting yourself and not trying to resolve the contractions in life and instead just accept the nature of change. If other people do not choose to accept your way of life you simply leave them be and choose to live your life care-free and not worry about their thoughts, but you don't try to change their choices either.
Taoism Short Introductory Video

Confucianism

Confucianism is characterized by a highly optimistic view of human nature. The faith in the possibility of ordinary human beings to become awe-inspiring sages and worthies is deeply rooted in the Confucian heritage (Confucius himself lived a rather ordinary life), and the insistence that human beings are teachable, improvable, and perfectible through personal and communal endeavour is typically Confucian.

Prezi Confucianism Best VIDEO

Siddhartha

Siddhartha as a young man decides to go off on a journey to seek enlightenment. He faces many trials and instead of finding himself he stumbles and fills his lustful desires. However, after he has grown into a unhappy, greedy, and troubled man he decides to leave that life and try to obtain his enlightenment once again. He goes back to the river to once again start his journey of self discovery and once he arrives he hears the voice of the river saying "om". The river gives him his wisdom. After his son leaves to follow his path Siddhartha obtains his enlightenment. He then sets off on a journey to help his best friend Govinda obtain his enlightenment. After meeting with Govinda he explains how wisdom is obtained. Govinda kisses Siddhartha and sees a reflection of Buddha, which in result he bows down to SIddhartha.

Siddhartha Quotes

"But Siddhartha himself was not happy. Wandering along the rosy paths of the fig garden, sitting in the contemplation in the bluish shade of the grove, washing his limbs in the daily bath of atonement, offering sacrifices in the depths of the shady mango wood with complete grace of manner, beloved by all, a joy to all, there was yet no joy in his own heart. Dreams and restless thoughts came flowing to him from the river, from the twinkling stars at night, from the sun's melting rays. Dreams and a restlessness of the soul came to him, arising from the smoke of the sacrifices, emanating from the verses of the RIg-Veda, trickling through the teachings of the old Brahmins. (1.5)"


"On the way, Govinda said: "Siddhartha, you have learned more from the Samanas than I was aware. It is difficult, very difficult to hypnotize an old Samana. In truth, if you had stayed there, you would have soon learned how to walk on water." "I have no desire to walk on water," said Siddhartha. "Let the old Samanas satisfy themselves with such arts. (2.24)"


"Gotama had listened quietly, motionless. And now the Perfect One spoke in his kind, polite and clear voice. "You have listened well to the teachings, O Brahmin's son, and it is a credit to you that you have thought so deeply about them. You have found a flaw. Think well about it again. Let me warn you, you who are thirsty for knowledge, against the ticket of opinions and the conflict of words. Opinions mean nothing; they may be beautiful or ugly, clever or foolish, anyone can embrace or reject them. The teaching which you have heard, however, it is not my opinion, and it's goal is not to explain the world to those who are thirsty for knowledge. Its goal is quite different; its goal is salvation from suffering. That is what Gotama teaches, nothing else. (3.33)"


"Yes, he thought breathing deeply, I will no longer try to escape from Siddhartha. I will no longer devote my thoughts to Atman and the sorrows of the world. I will no longer mutilate and destroy myself in order to find a secret behind the ruins. I will no longer study Yoga-Veda, Atharva-Veda, or asceticism, or any other teachings. I will learn from myself, be my own pupil; I will learn from myself the secret of Siddhartha. (4.39)"

"Thereupon he embraced Govinda, put his arm around him, and as he drew him to his breast and kissed him, he was Govinda no longer, but a woman and out of the woman's gown emerged a full breast, and Siddhartha lay there and drank; sweet and strong tasted of milk from this breast. It tasted of woman and man, of sun and forest, of animal and flower, of every fruit, of every pleasure. It was intoxicating. (5.48)"


"Siddhartha also felt a longing and the stir of sex in him; but as he had never yet touched a woman, he hesitated a moment, although his hands were ready to seize her. At that moment he heard his inward voice and the voice said "NO!" Then all the magic disappeared from the young woman's smiling face; he saw nothing but the ardent glance of a passionate young woman. Gently he stroked her cheek and quickly disappeared from the disappointed woman into the bamboo wood. (5.50)"


"Perhaps it is as you say, my friend," she said softly, "and perhaps it is also because Siddhartha is a handsome man, because his glance pleases women , that he is lucky." Siddhartha kissed her and said good-bye. "May it be so, my teacher. May my glance always please you, may good fortune always come to me from you! (5.61)"


"Maybe," said Siddhartha wearily, "I am like you. You cannot love either, otherwise how could you practice love as an art? Perhaps people like us cannot love. Ordinary people can- that is their secret. (6.73)"


"Awakening from this dream, he was overwhelmed by a feeling of great sadness. It seemed to him that he has spent his life in a worthless and senseless manner; he retained nothing vital, nothing in any way precious or worth while. He stood alone, like a ship-wrecked man on the shore. (7.82)"


"When she heard the first news of Siddhartha's disappearance, she went to the window where she kept a rare songbird in a golden cage. She opened the door of the cage, took the bird out and let it fly away. For a long time she looked over the disappearing bird. From that day on she received no more visitors and kept her house closed. After a time, she found that she was with child as a result of her last meeting with Siddhartha. (7.85)"


"These thoughts passed through his mind. Smiling, he listened to his stomach, listened thankfully to a humming bee. Happily he looked into the flowing river. Never had a river attracted him as much as this one. Never had he found the voice and appearance of flowing water so beautiful. It seemed to him as if the river had something special to tell him, something which he did not know, something which still awaited him. Siddhartha had wanted to drown himself in this river; the old, tired, despairing Siddhartha was today drowned in it. The new Siddhartha felt a deep love for this flowing water and decided that he would not leave it again so quickly. (8.100)"


"When Siddhartha had finished and there was a long pause Vasudeva said: "It is as i thought; the river has spoken to you. It is friendly towards you, too; it speaks to you. That is good, very good. Stay with me, Siddhartha, my friend. I once had a wife, her bed was at the side of mine, but she died long ago. I have lived alone for a long time. Come and live with me; there is room and food for both of us (9.105)"

"Kamala looked into his eyes. She found it hard to speak with poison in her system. "You have grown old, my dear," she said, "you have become grey, but you are like the young Samana who once came to me in my garden, without clothes and with dusty feet. You are much more like him than when you left Kamaswami and me. Your eyes are like his, Siddhartha. Ah, I have also grown old, old-did you recognize me? (9.112)"


"After he had stood for a long time at the gate to the garden, Siddhartha realized that the desire that had driven him to this place was foolish, that he could not help his son, that he should not force himself on him. He felt a deep love for the runaway boy, like a wound, and yet felt at the same time that this wound was not intended to fester in him, but that it should heal. (10.126)"


"Vasudeva's smile was radiant; it hovered brightly in all the wrinkles of his old face, as the Om hovered over the voices of the river. His smile was radiant as he looked at his friend, and now the same smile appeared on Siddharhta's face. His wound was healing, his pain disapearing; his self had merged into unity. (11.136)"


"Govinda bowed low, Incontrollable tears trickled down his old face. He was overwhelmed by a feeling of great love, of the most humble veneration. He bowed low, right down to the ground, in front of the man sitting there motionless, whose smile reminded him of everything that he had ever loved in his life, of everything that had ever been of value and holy in his life. (12.152)"

The RIver: Represents life- Siddhartha comes back to the river multiple times to restart his journey and to once again try to seek his enlightenment. He also has his dream about a woman there, which represents his life being restarted.
Siddhartha Webquest

Contains cool websites to research different topics discussed in the book.