Lyndon B. Johnson

Ryo Yoshida

Johnson as President

  • After assassination of John F. Kennedy, Johnson took over to serve the rest of Kennedy's term
  • Democrats nominated Johnson for election of 1964
  • Republicans nominated Barry Goldwater
  • Goldwater attacked income tax, TVA, civil rights, and Great Society
  • Johnson won by a landslide

The Great Society

  • Johnson's reform plan
  • Passed many New Dealish economic and welfare measures that transformed the American way of life
  • Included Medicare, Medicaid (medical assistance for the disadvantaged), civil rights legislation, and education reform

24th Amendment

  • Johnson knew that few blacks were registered to vote
  • 24th amendment stated that the poll tax in federal elections be abolished
  • Still hampered blacks from voting

Tonkin Gulf Resolution and Vietnam War

  • August 1964- US navy cooperated with South Vietnam to attack North Vietnam at the Gulf of Tonkin
  • US navy attacked by North Vietnam on August 2nd and August 4th
  • Johnson said attack was unprovoked
  • Through the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, Johnson could enforce any measures he thought necessary without congressional approval

Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act

  • Civil Rights Act of 1964: Banned racial discrimination in most private facilities open to the public
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965: Banned literacy tests and sent federal voter registers into Southern states

1968

  • January 1968- The Tet Offensive ended in military defeat for Viet Cong but Americans demanded end to Vietnam War
  • March 31, 1968- Johnson shifted responsibility to the Southern Vietnamese and start withdrawing forces
  • April 4, 1968- Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee
  • June 5, 1968- Robert Kennedy was assassinated