Chemistry Of Life

Alexis & Jalen

Water (H20)

•Adhesion

-Attraction to other things

•Cohesion

-the action or property of molecules sticking together and being mutually attractive.

•Polarity

-Physical alignment of atoms.

•pH

- The measure of acidity or basicity im a solution.


Macromolecules

Macromolecules- A very large molecule created my polymerization of smaller units.


-Four Types of macromolecules: Proteins, Lipids,Nucleic Acids, and Carbohydrates.

-All of these have carbon in them



Carbohydrates

•Carbohydrates

- A large molecule consisting of carbon

-There are four different types of carbohydrates

-They are monosaccharides,disaccharides, and polysaccharides

-Monosaccharides- Most basic unit of carbohydrates

Disaccharides- 2 monosaccharides that have reaction and eliminate a small molecule

-Polysaccharide- long chain or monosaccharides

Proteins

•Proteins


-Consist of one or more chains of amino acids

- They have many functions in and living organism

- Essential part of a living organism

-Antibodies structure carries O2

•For Example: Hemoglobin, Collagen

Lipids

Lipids- Long term energy that are categorized as fats


- Helps with the storage of energy

- Has 4 parts and 3 fatty acids and 1 glycerol

- Biochemical thats does not dissolve in water

- Makes up cell membrane

Nucleic Acids

•Nucleic Acids

- Polymers made of nucleotides

-Polymer means many peices

- There are 3 different type of nucleic acids

- They are DNA,RNA, and ATP

•DNA ( Deoxyribo Nucleic Acids)

- Helps and has to do with heridity

•RNA ( Ribo Nucleic Acids)

- Is helping with the proteins

•ATP ( Adenosine Triphosphate)

- This is an energy checking account

Enzymes

•Enzymes


- Specialized proteins tht help speed reactions by lowering the activation energy

- These are called catalyst because they get things started

-Enzymes are in a globular shape