The S Chronicles

Published by Sammi Muir, Sienna Haynes and Sophie Cifolelli

Issue #72; $.60

Index

“An Era of Newcomers”.................................................................... 1

“Americans Playing by a New Set of Rules”........................................2

“Why no Ethnicity Should be Excluded”..............................................3

“The Book that Ignited a Flame”.........................................................4

“The Battle of the Century”................................................................5

“Castle Clinton, A Thing of The Past?”..............................................6

Weather Report................................................................................7

Sports.............................................................................................8

Business.........................................................................................9

Comics...........................................................................................10

An Era of Newcomers

It is no secret the population of the United States is rapidly expanding in the 1890’s, and the amount of immigrants that make up the population is dramatically increasing. Many Americans are now asking, who are the new immigrants? Many immigrants are coming through along the east coast from countries located mostly in southern and eastern Europe such as Austria-Hungary, Poland, Italy, Greece, and Russia. The United States is also seeing a boom in the amount of immigrants along the west coast; most of the immigrants are from Asian countries such as China and Japan. Such immigrants travel in enormous ships fit to carry thousands of families from different countries in hopes to create a better life, in which America seems to appear promising.

The rise in the amount of immigrants coming into the country can be accounted for by numerous causes. In many countries, Russia is a prime example, Jewish immigrants are prosecuted for their religion; Jewish people feel the urge to come to America to avoid the religious oppression occurring in their former countries. Many immigrants also hope to achieve the “American Dream”, which is achieving success through striking wealth in the United States. However, the immigrants are slowly discovering not everything is to be desired in America; many immigrants work tedious jobs that pay very little, causing families to live in poverty.


http://regentsprep.org/regents/ushisgov/themes/immigration/new_immigration.htm

Americans Playing by a New Set of Rules

The 1890’s is bringing about new reforms and ideals throughout the United States, but this one ideal is something that has always been an underlying concept used by many Americans; the Jim Crow Laws. This set of laws puts emphasis on white superiority in society by creating forms of discrimination and segregation against African-Americans. The idea of white supremacy is emphasized by this particular set of “laws” that requires segregation in public locations such as hospitals, churches, libraries, and restrooms among others.

The set of rules are encouraged by people such as church ministers and theologians that preach whites were the chosen people by God, and African Americans were developed to be servants; such religious advocates argue God was in favor of racial segregation. The growing fear for Americans is that African Americans, if not shown they are inferior, will taint the American culture.

The prominent Jim Crow Laws that are understood and practiced by African Americans are as follows; a black male can not offer to shake hands with a white male, whites and blacks can not eat together, an African American male will not offer to light a white female’s cigarette ( a possible act of intimacy), courtesy titles (Mrs.,Mr.,etc..) are not used for African Americans, and African Americans are required to give white automobilists the right of way at intersections.


http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm

http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Jim_Crow_laws.aspx

Big image

By Sienna Haynes

Why No Ethnicity Should be Excluded

The United States, known for being a land of freedom and promise, continues to follow the Chinese Exclusion Act; the act has put a halt on Chinese immigration into the United States since 1882 when it first evolved. Americans ironically fear the .002 percent of Chinese that make up the United States pose a threat in maintaining white superiority and purity. Although the government fears the Chinese will endanger the territories within America, the immigrants continue to show their enormous threat by aiding in the building of railroads, and taking the undesirable jobs many Americans avoid. The American government and citizens need to reconsider banning Chinese immigrants from entering the United States, because such immigrants are crucial in the growth of the nation by working at cheaper rates to do the jobs desired by few Americans.

The Chinese, whether skilled or unskilled workers, should be welcomed into the United States, because the country can find jobs for the Chinese no matter what their skill level is. For example, building of the transcontinental railroad does not require much skill level for immigrants; most of the workers that helped build the railroad were Chinese immigrants. Around two thirds of the 4,000 workers on the railroads were Chinese; without the Chinese, America would have struggled to create the railroad, which has opened up numerous opportunities for the nation.


http://cprr.org/Museum/Chinese.html http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Chinese_Exclusion_Act.aspx http://www.history.com/topics/chinese-exclusion-act

Big image

By Sophie Cifolelli

The Book That Ignited a Flame

The photojournalist and newspaper reporter, Jacob Riis, is all that can be talked about after his influential book, How the Other Half Lives, has been published and released. It has been no secret that the large numbers of immigrants have affected New Yorkers daily lives but, Riis discusses how the 1.5 million population has restricted the poor from the basic necessities of living; people have been forced to live in unsanitary, overcrowded and rural “homes.” After reading this book, I strongly agree; the nation is not prepared for this overflow of people, and restrictions on immigration need to be implemented. Prior to reading this book, these issues have been repeatedly discussed but, Jacob Riis’ photographs have brought them to life.

There was plenty of misery to document for Riis. He took most of his photographs at night with the use of artificial light. When Jacob Riis went on his “nightly adventures,” his goal was to expose the injustices of the poor residing in New York. Aside from his graphic images, Riis’s descriptions are far from detached. By criticizing the rich for their ignorance and the government for its tolerance, Jacob Riis explains how the poverty has lived in inscrutable conditions for so long without reform or protest. After reading about the stereotypes, ineffective policies and useless funds, I wish for the living conditions of New York to drastically improve.


https://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/19420.Jacob_A_Riis

Big image

By Sophie Cifolelli

The Battle of The Century

Tragedy struck on the morning of December 29th in South Dakota. The legendary Bigfoot, chief of Sioux, has been shot dead by the infamous Seventh Cavalry. To many, he was a symbol of rebellion, ancestry and honor for the Sioux tribe. The Sioux tribe has already been forced to move off their homeland, abandon their free-roaming lifestyle and undergo assimilation. Hunger and disease infested the reservation they are forced to live upon. Rather than dwelling on these life-altering circumstances, the Sioux have chosen to celebrate life and preserve hope through the practice of the Ghost Dance. The U.S. troops view the Ghost Dance as a form of protest and disrespect. To put an end to this ¨turmoil,¨ the U.S. troops enclosed upon the Sioux tribe and opened fired. All that remains is 300 Sioux, Big Foot among them laying dead ¨buried¨ in the snow. Someone needs to be held responsible for these ¨casual catastrophes.¨ Just as we forced the Native Americans to abandon their culture and beliefs, we need to abandon the stereotypes and harsh treatment towards American Indians.

The 300 Native American lives lost at Wounded Knee Creek are brothers, sisters, mothers, fathers and many more. These lives can never be replaced but, the rest can be spared.


http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/knee.htm

Castle Clinton, A Thing of The Past?

This historical, monumental sandstone fort resides in New York and is East Coast’s main port of immigration; Castle Clinton’s construction began in 1808 and it was completed in 1811. Previously known as Fort Battery, its name was changed to honor New York City Mayor DeWitt Clinton in 1815. Up until now, Castle Clinton has been the Emigration Landing Depot for over 30 years. Due to its subsequent history and insufficient space, rumour has it, the government is planning on closing this station to preserve its historic importance and establish a newfound immigration station. In the next two to three years, the government is planning on reopening a depot with adequate space. This will hopefully cure the disorganization and improper processing of immigrants that has occurred at Castle Clinton.

But what will happen to the legendary Castle Clinton? It will soon become a local attraction equipped with entertainment and an array of restaurants. Commissioners will not release any details yet, but they have assured us that their plans are to include thrilling, fresh and new attractions.


http://www.nps.gov/cacl/index.htm

Weather Report

Wednesday, Nov. 12th 1890 at 12am

New York, NY, United States

New York, NY

Sunday 32° ☀

Monday 35° ☀

Tuesday 37° ☂

Wednesday 36° ☂

Thursday 30° ☁

Friday 28° ☁

Saturday 35°☀