Odyssey Book 9

By: Mackenzie

Book 9: Summary

Odysseus tells the Phaeacians the story about why he lost all his men. They went the city of the Cicones and how his men got greedy. Odysseus came to this town to repay his men for fighting in the Trojan War, they killed all the men, took all the goods, and enslaved all the women but they overstayed their welcome and a few people had escaped and brought back other people. They killed 72 of his men. Then as they were leaving Zeus sent a hurricane to where they were throwing them off course and they end up landing in the land of the lotus-eaters. They didn't stay there for long until sailing to the land of the Cyclopes. There was Cyclopes named Polyphemus who is the son of Poseidon. He is very angry when he sees the men eating his food and he eats six of his men and imprisons the rest. When Polyphemus asks Odysseus' name he tells him his name is nobody. Polyphemus gets the wine that was on the boat and gets super drunk off of it because it is very strong. Then when he passes out Odysseus and his men stab him in the eye. When Polyphemus' neighbors hear they shout out,"Who is killing you?" and he replies,"Nobody is killing me." So the neighbors leave since they think that no one is hurting him. Then they aboard the ship and when the ship gets far enough away Odysseus calls out his real name to taunt the Cyclopes. That is why Poseidon hates Odysseus and is trying to make it hard for him to get home.

Quotes

Quote: ‘“Hear me, Poseidon who circle the earth, dark-haired. If truly I am your son, and you acknowledge yourself as my father, grant that Odysseus, sacker of cities, son of Laertes, who makes his home in Ithaka, may never reach that home; but if it is decided that he shall see his own people, and come home to his strong-founded house and to his own country, let him come late, in bad case, with the loss of all his companions, in someone else’s ship, and find troubles in his household.” ‘So he spoke in prayer, and the dark-haired god heard him.’"

Analysis: This is why Polyphemus is calling out his father for help after Odysseus had blinded him. This is an important quote because it is one of the reasons it takes Odysseus so long to get home.

Quote: '"Stranger, you are a simple fool, or come from far off, when you tell me to avoid the wrath of the gods or fear them. The Cyclopes do not concern themselves over Zeus of the aegis, nor any of the rest of the blessed gods, since we are far better than they…"'

Analysis: This quote shows how the Cyclopes do not believe in Gods. It is the main reason that Poseidon is mad at Odysseus because if the Cyclopes were welcoming like all other people the conflict between the two would've never happened.

Themes

Justice: When Polyphemus curses Odysseus, and Zeus lets it happen. It would be justice, because when Odysseus was being greedy and curious and then taunted the Cyclopes he deserves some kind of punishment.

Pride: Odysseus has a lot to be proud of he has a hot and loyal wife, the city of Ithaca, he is smart and brave. A little bit of pride is good but too much isn't like when he yelled his real name to taunt the Cyclopes was too far.

Lies and Deceit: People fake a lot of things in the book. Odysseus tells Polyphemus that his name is nobody. Athena is dressing up as different people to help Tele. Penelope lies about the blanket she is making and then undoing every night.

Odysseus and the Cyclops