Taylor Kickhaefer EDEL 461 Section C 9/10/15
The Vocabulary-Rich Classroom: Modeling Sophisticated Word Use to Promote Word Consciousness and Vocabulary Growth
What is Vocabulary?
- Vocabulary is the knowledge of words and word meanings
- Four types of vocabulary
- Oral- words we understand when communicating orally or when someone reads aloud to us.
- Print- words we know when we read or write.
- Receptive- Words we understand when we listen or read.
- Productive- words that are used during speaking and writing.
- Developing children's vocabulary is extremely important because if the words they encounter are not part of their vocabulary, the reader will not comprehend their meaning.
- It is not only important how many word the students know but how well they know those words.
Levels of Word Knowledge
- Never saw or heard the word before
- Heard the word, but does not know its meaning
- Recognizes the word in context
- Knowing the word well
The Role of Vocabulary Learning
- Vocabulary is one of the most critical parts in the development of reading skills and a students education. vocabulary knowledge is a good predictor of reading comprehension, reading performance, and school achievement. The more words the student understands the easier it will be for the student to comprehend a text.
- Vocabulary instruction should be Robust Vigorous, strong, and powerful in effect. Including multiple exposures to a word teaching definitions and context, and engaging students in deep processing.
Selecting Words to Teach
When selecting words to teach
- Tier 1- basic words that most children already know and that seldom require direct instruction in school.
- Tier 2- word that are key to comprehension and frequently used by "mature language users"
- Tier 3- Low frequency words that are associated with specific domains or content areas.
Vocabulary instruction should be focused on tier 2 words. Tier 3 words should be taught as they are encountered.
Word Conscious Students
- Repetition and diverse exposures to vocabulary are very important in word consciousness.
- The more students hear, see, and engage with words the better they will know them.
- Make connections to students prior knowledge and experiences
- Casually introduce vocabulary (Use distribute instead of pass out or use kind, pleasant, thoughtful instead of nice)
- Promote word consciousness through frequent and deliberate modeling of sophisticated vocabulary.
- Create a word rich classroom by using more sophisticated modeling for students to follow.
What to Avoid in Your Classroom?
Try to avoid speaking to students using words below their level of understanding. Using Simple vocabulary is ok for initial instruction, but once students understand the basics, take the instructional language to the next level of understanding to enhance students vocabulary.
- How would you use vocabulary instruction in your classroom?
- How would you select vocabulary words for your students?
- Why is it important to model sophisticated language for your students?
- Lane, H., & Allen, S. (2010). The Vocabulary-Rich Classroom: Modeling Sophisticated Word Use to Promote Word Consciousness and Vocabulary Growth. The Reading Teacher,362-370.
- Word Up: The Must Dos of Vocabulary Instruction
10 Do’s and Don’ts for Effective Vocabulary Instruction