Bridging the Gap

Nathan Reedy, Keegan Reese,Trevor Young

1850- 1890(Trevor Young)

Story read- “Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge”

Literary Characteristics

Realism/Naturalism/Civil War Era

Major Events of the Time

  • 1850 - President Taylor dies (July 9) and is succeeded by his vice president, Millard Fillmore

  • 1854 - Congress passes the Kansas-Nebraska Act, establishing the territories of Kansas and Nebraska (May 30)

  • 1863 - Homestead act becomes law

  • 1865 - Lincoln is assassinated (April 14) by John Wilkes Booth

  • 1870 - Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, giving blacks the right to vote (Feb. 3).

  • 1871 - Chicago fire kills 300 and leaves 90,000 people homeless (Oct. 8–9).

  • 1882 - U.S. adopts standard time (Nov. 18).

  • 1886 - Statue of Liberty is dedicated (Oct. 28). American Federation of Labor is organized (Dec.).

Attitude of the Nation

Evolving into Industrial Capitalism, frustration and dramatic economic transformations

Advancements of the Time

Pullman sleeping car, bicycles, gas powered motorcycle, taller buildings, elevator brakes, sewing machine motor, rotary washing machine

Political Situations

The Compromise of 1850 - An increasingly popular "quick-fix" remedy to solving the issue of slavery was being discussed as 1850 began. The idea was to create new states from the territories acquired in 1846 and 1848 as soon as

The Compromise of 1850 - An increasingly popular "quick-fix" remedy to solving the issue of slavery was being discussed as 1850 began. The idea was to create new states from the territories acquired in 1846

Social Tendencies

The South (Confederate) viewed African Americans poorly and believed that it was okay to treat them horrible and force them to become slaves.

-The North (Union) believed that African Americans should not be treated poorly and inhumane and should have equal rights like white men.

-Ku Klux Klan: “Hooded, white-robed Klan members rode in bands at night terrorizing African Americans, white Republicans, carpetbaggers, teachers in African American schools, and others who supported the Republican governments” (The American Republic, pg. 274).

Pop Culture (Music, Art, etc)

Paperback books, theatre, penny press, parks and museums, department stores

Quotes that connect to this time period

  • “From this state he was awakened—ages later, it seemed to him—by the pain of a sharp pressure upon his throat, followed by a sense of suffocation.” (3.1)
  • “These pains appeared to flash along well-defined lines of ramification and to beat with an inconceivably rapid periodicity”
  • "My home, thank God, is as yet outside their lines; my wife and little ones are still beyond the invader's farthest advance." (1.6)
  • “No service was too humble for him to perform in the aid of the South, no adventure too perilous for him to undertake if consistent with the character of a civilian who was at heart a soldier, and who in good faith and without too much qualification assented to at least a part of the frankly villainous dictum that all is fair in love and war.” (2.1)
  • “Circumstances of an imperious nature, which it is unnecessary to relate here, had prevented him from taking service with that gallant army which had fought the disastrous campaigns ending with the fall of Corinth, and he chafed under the inglorious restraint, longing for the release of his energies, the larger life of the soldier, the opportunity for distinction.” (2.1)

Importance of story

“An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” is an elaborately devised commentary on the fluid nature of time. The story’s structure, which moves from the present to the past to what is revealed to be the imagined present, reflects this fluidity as well as the tension that exists among competing notions of time.

1890-1910(Keegan reese)

Story read-The open Boat

The story”The Open Boat” is a story about 4 men you are stuck at sea, in a life boat after there ship sank. They find themselves off the coast of Florida with rough seas and in a small boat. What this story tells is a story of 4 men who grow a strong bond between themselves and nature. They work together to stay alive and hopefully wait for rescue.

Literary Characteristics

most novels were naturalistic that explained social conditions and nature.

Sinclair lewis(1885-1951)

jack london(1876-1916)

Major Events of the Time

U.S. Declared war on Spain, president William McKinley is shot, World War One begins

Attitude of the Nation

U.S. Eager for war, started drafting for war, shocked from president shooting

Advancements of the Time

stop sign(1890)

Smoke detector(1890)

Air conditioning(1902)


Automatic transmission(1910)

Manhattan bridge is built(1910)

First model “t” car sold by Ford motors(1907)

first coast to coast car trip is made. It took 65 days(1903)

Political Situations

government declared war

National security was being threatened constantly by war.

Economic depression happend

we used military force to enfoce foreign policies

Theodore Roosevelt was president(1901-1909

Social Tendencies

education was more important than it is now. Families took more pride in education.

Families took pride in clean households

First modern olympics 1896 in Athens, Greece

The south was a slave state and the north was a free state

Pop Culture (Music, Art, etc)

love songs, songs about war, love for the country and for their loved ones

Important Information About the Story/Text

In this time period, women started getting rights and taking advanatage of them.

women suffrage was very high and many social reforms were occurring.

Henry ford finds Ford motor company in 1903

Quotes from Story that connect to time period

  • “ as the boat bounced from the top of each wave, the wind tore through the hair of the hatless men, and as the craft plopped her stern down again the spray splashed past them.”
  • “ It would be difficult to describe the subtle brotherhood of men that was here established on the seas. No one said that is was so. But it dwelt in the boat, and each man felt it warm him.”
  • “ a changed tide tried to force them southward, but the wind and wave said northward.”
  • “ they mechanically rowed in cohesion to break the waves.”
  • “ A night on the sea in a open boat is a long night.”

1910-1930(Nathan Reedy

Story-“A Soldier's Home”


The story “A Soldier's Home” is about a soldier that comes home later than the rest of the soldiers. When he gets back he is really depressed and just wants to play pool, sleep and read.His parents try to tell him that he needs to settle down with a job and with a women. The Main ideas from this text are Relationships, Depression, Confidence, War, Family,and Religion

Literary Characteristics

Modern physiology, Relationships, War, and family, Imaginist type of writing.

Major Events of the Time

  • Boy Scouts Established in U.S.(1910)
  • Titanic Sinks(1912)
  • world war one begins(1914)
  • United states joins the war(1917)
  • world war one ends (1918)
  • Hitler joins the nazi party(1919)

Attitude of the Nation

Happy because they thought the war was over, Patriotic, Government instituted new patriotism and nationalism programs in schools and curriculum.

Advancements of the Time

  • 1913(Parachute)
  • Germans create Diet pill (1913)
  • 1914(Tank)
  • 1920(Tommy Gun)
  • 1920(Band aid)
  • 1922(Radar)
  • 1922(sound film)
  • 1925(Television)

Political Situations

The U.S Joined the allies(Great Britain, France) in 1917. The political situation during this time period were all about war. During the beginning of this time period the political situation was about ending war but toward the middle to end of the time period the political situation changed to joining wars to help other countries out and to end the war. This is where the US rally becomes a powerhouse when it comes to a military standard. This was the 1st decade in which the U.S. was considered a world leader.(Roaring twenties)

Social Tendencies

The social tendencies during this time period were all about two things. One was about war. During this time period War was a really big deal and it was very common for a man(18 year old) to join the army.Men and boys were drafted and sent abroad.In some familyies it was almost expected thst their kid would be in the army. The second thing that people were all about were settling down with a family and a job. So generally what people would do was go to war and then when they get back settle down with a women and find a steady job(Usually a salesmen) (Royal Tweenies)

Pop Culture (Music, Art, etc)

Radios invented, music started to be more relaxing, For example jaz.James Reese Europe founds the Clef Club, an association for Black musicians based in New York.Pianist Scott Joplin publishes his opera Treemonisha(1910-1920)

Important Information About the Story/Text

The important information about my story is the idea that the war kind of messed up some people. It also talks about the importance of settling down and having a family. I would say the two main things that come from my story are war and settling down with a family and a job.

Quotes from story that relate to time period

  • “The men from the town who had been drafted had all been welcomed elaborately on their return.”
  • "God has some work for everyone to do," his mother said. "There can be no idle hands in His Kingdom."
  • “Charley Simmons, who is just your age, has a good job and is going to be married”
  • “The boys are all settling down; they're all determined to get somewhere; you can see that boys like Charley Simmons are on their way to being really a credit to the community."
  • “All work is honorable as he says.”

Commonalities Between All Three

These periods connect in various different ways. In each different period there is a war that effected the economy and basis of government. Also, these time periods have many fundamental flaws that you wouldn't expect a society like the United States to have. These time periods were the early stages of the Americas development which should call for some sense of how they connect.

Claim from (1850-1890) to (1890-1910)

Social Changes:In 1850 to 1890 the social tendencies of the time were pretty simple. Most people basically lived on a farm and where you lived was determined by how much land you had.In 1890 to 1910 the social tendencies changed. People started to stop farming and spread out based on ethnicity. People also started to have more fun and do things outside of work. People started to go to silent movies and things like ferris wheels.

Advancements in time:In 1850 to 1890 there weren't to many advancements to talk about. The only big ones were the dish washer and textiles. Besides these technology was not a huge thing.In 1890 to 1910 this changed too. Silent movies were made along with penicillin and vaccines. Another big advancement was the Air conditioner.All these advancements were not seen in the earlier time period and really changed how we live life even today.

Attitude of the Nation:In 1850 to 1890 the attuide of the nation was about war, farming a and segregation. The nations attitude was then changed from 1890 to 1910. People started to have more fun a do things for fun. This caused people and the nation to be happy. All during this time People who lived here really believed in the American dream and because of this were very determined to do things. So the attitude of the nation during this time period was happy and determined.

Claim from (1890-1910) to (1910- 1930)

Social changes: There were some social changes between these two time periods. In the earlier time period(1890-1910) People were really big on the jim crow acts and the idea of segregation. This changed in the later time period. In this time period people started to get separated more by how much money they had rather than the color of their skin. Another change was the idea of settling down and having a family is more seen in the time period 1910-1930

Advancements in time: In 1890 to 1910 a lot of new things were created that really helped America become advanced. These in inventions were very helpful but were some what basic. This changed in the later time period because these inventions were made better as science and technology increased. Also in 1910 to 1930 the advancements in transportation started to take place.these advancements that took place during this time period helped the American people live a simpler life.

Attitude of the Nation: In 1890 to 1910 the people were very happy and these people all believed in the American dream. As time progressed to 1910 to 1930 people still felt happy but most of all they felt nationalism like never before. World war one had ended and we were felling like a superpower. The main difference from 1890-1910 to 1910-1930 was the nationalism and the feeling that we were the best country.

Work cited

Frank, Priscilla. "17 Pop Culture Moments That Will Transport You To 1910." The Huffington Post., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2015.

"Inventions from 1900 to 1930 That Changed the World We Live In Timeline." Timetoast. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2015.

Hayden, Nancy. "1850-1890 Inventions." EHow. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2015.

"Naturalism Literary Period 1890-1910." Presley Booker, 3 Apr. 2012. Web. 10 Nov.


"Popular Culture - Boundless Open Textbook." Boundless. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2015.

Rosenerg, Jennifer M. "What Happened in the 1910s?" Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2015.

“Technology Between 1890-1910.” Micheal Dredd, 13, Dec. 2009. Web. 10. Nov.

"The Compromise of 1850." N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2015.


"1910 - 1919." 20th-century-culture -. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2015.