Themes of "To Kill a Mocking Bird"

by Kathryn Lee


In the book Atticus tries to explain to Jem that real courage is knowing that you are beat, yet still giving it everything you have. I think that this is a good way of describing it because, when Atticus is appointed to Tom Robinson he knows that he will lose and Tom will go to jail, yet he tries his hardest to defend him. When Tom dies after trying to escape jail he goes to the his home to share the news even though someone could have told them he choose to. Jem and Scout think Atticus is making them pay for ruining Mrs. Dubose flowers, by reading to her every day. But he really wanted them to see how even though she knew she was going to die she did not want to be addicted to morphine when she did and she kick the habit. I think the courage was also shown in Author Radley when he saved the children; he knew that he could get in a lot of trouble for killing Bob Ewell.


Friendship is a clearly brought about theme in this book. The friendships between the Finch family, Calpurnia, the Robinson's family and, of course Dill, are some of the more profound friendships but there all also the ones between the neighbors like Miss Maudie and Stephanie Crawford, and Boo Radley's strange affection towards the Finch children. Friendship of the town is clearly show in the night the house caught fire and the whole town helped to put it out. Or the night that Author Radley saved Jem and Scout after Bob Ewell tried to get revenge on Atticus for defending Tom Robinson. Ever since Dill, Jem and Scout meet they became friends and seem to be with each other all the time. I think that there friendship with Dill gave them another perspective in Tom Robinson's case and other such occurrences.

Main Characters

This book is guaranteed to be a nail biter!


Obviously, racism is a major theme in this book. Some of the clear examples in the book were when in court the blacks had to sit in the balcony or when you came to realize that the blacks living by the dump were looked down upon becuase they were black, even to someone like the Ewells. Looking deeper you can see that the only reason that Tom was put in jail was because he was black. He was clearly innocent, yet the jury determined that he was guilty. I think that when Jem and Scout go to church with Calupunia do they really realize what it is like to be black in the thirties. I think another significant moment comes when Scout and Dill are outside the courthouse and Raymond Daulfous is there. He talks about how he pretends to be drunk so that the town will have an excuse to why he loves a black woman. The undertone of the title is about racism also, "To Kill a Mockingbird" is referring to in my mind, to how Tom and other black people are convicted for things they didn't do, and how they should be left alone because they do nothing wrong.