Standard 1: Example 1 - Voting
Every citizen has the right to vote for laws, and people that they want to further the future of America. Every four years the citizens vote for a President to represent the US. It is up to the citizens to pick the right person who will help us and not hurt us. Voting is also a responsibility of good citizens.
Standard 1: Example 2 - Military Service
People in the military fight everyday to protect the citizens of the US and make sure that our country stays safe and free like it has been for many years. Military service is an example of a civic duty, an action that select citizens must do for the overall good of the country.
Standard 1: Example 3 - Freedom of SpeechPeople have the right to say whatever they want. If they have something to say then they have the right to say it. They can't be punished if they say something that could offend somebody, because we have the right to say what we want. This is important in a democracy, since the opinion of citizens provides for a better government. This is an area where lifelong civic action is critical. a good example would be a wildlife conservation club where people use the freedom of speech to care for the environment. It could be something they do for their whole life as a part of lifelong civic action.
Standard 2: Example 1 - Articles in Constitution
The Constitution sets rules and boundaries that the government must follow to make sure that country is free, and that everybody has their right and responsibilities.
Standard 2: Example 2 - Six Principles
The six principles is a good example of how the US Government is established by the Constitution. These include Popular Sovereignty, Limited Govt, Separation of Powers, Checks & Balances, Judicial Power, and Federalism. All of these display values and principles of a democracy. For example, popular sovereignty describes this well in the fact that people are the source of any and all government power. Additionally, limited the principle of limited government is another great example of democracies values because it shows that government is restricted and each person has rights that the government cannot take away.
Standard 3: Example 1 - Legislative Branch
The people are represented through the legislative branch which is structured into 2 houses, which is known as the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Reps acts as the directs reps of the people. With it’s members broken down by population, the legislative branch also controls the power of the purse. In the fact that all appropriations must originate in the house of reps and be passed by congress before they are signed into law by the president.
Standard 3: Example 2 - Judicial Branch
The Judicial Branch controls the making of laws for the States, and for the government. A bill has to go through the Judicial Branch before it can even think about becoming a law. Then it will go to the White House where the president will sign it, or veto it. If he vetoes the bill then the law isn't made. If he signs the bill then it becomes a law.
Standard 4: Example 1 - National Government
To understand the similarities and differences between the national and local government it is important to understand the concept of federalism. Federalism is one of the 6 principles whereby a written constitution divides power between a national level government and a local level government. In the US, the national government is responsible for collecting taxes, social security, as well as taxes to pay for the military, these benefit everyone. So it is important to understand the national government’s primary role is to take care of citizens throughout the whole country.
Standard 4: Example 2 - Local Government
The local government would mostly consist of the people, and maybe the mayor of the town or country depending on how some states look at it. Local government is similar to the national government in that it’s power is also limited and it’s power comes from the people. Local governments also collect taxes but their focus is on local communities, and small groups of people in communities through the US.
Standard 5: Example 1 - Right to Assemble
If you want to protest about an issue that is important to you or about what the government is doing to you then you have the right to do that. As long as you are assembling peacefully and nobody is being hurt by your protest, then it is legal, and the government cannot stop you. This right is critical as it allows groups of people to voice their collective opinions, and informs the choices within the government. This right impacts government by allowing the people to take political action and make better choices within the government since they are better informed
Standard 5: Example 2 - Freedom of Religion
Everybody has the right to practice whatever religion they want. Whether it's Christian, Buddhist, Muslim, Jewish, or even being an Atheist, and not believing at all. Nobody can tell our citizens they can't practice a certain religion, or make them practice one that they do not want to. This is true at all levels of government, and sometimes courts have to get involved to be sure Freedom of Religion is being upheld at the national, state, and local level.
Standard 6: Example 1 - National Laws
First the House of Representatives and Senate will form bills to be voted on within the Congress. Once a majority of the House and Senate pass the bill it will be sent to the President for signature. If the President doesn’t approve of the bill, he can veto it and send it back to Congress. At that point Congress must either change the bill and cast another vote, or they can override the President’s veto with a ⅔ rds vote. Once the President signs a bill it becomes make the law.
Standard 6: Example 2 - Local Laws
Local laws are formed in a manner that is different that the process of the State, and National levels. At the local level, a Senate and a House do not exist to represent the people, instead there are things like a school board, mayor, city council, etc. One difference is that the citizens in your community vote for members of a school board or city council which pass local ordinances governing important activities for local communities such as property tax rates, trash disposal ordinances, and local curfews.
Standard 7: Example 1 - Socialism
In Socialism the rights and responsibilities of individuals are focused in a manner that will equally divide the resources amongst the population. In this system, it is considered critical that everyone gets a fair portion of the output of the economy. This system works to ensure that all people are taken care of and those who work harder than others and produce more goods will likely not get an increased share.
Standard 7: Example 2 - Capitalism
In capitalism the rights and responsibilities of individuals are focused in a manner that provides equal opportunity, but not equal outcome. In a capitalist system the citizens will receive shares of good based on how hard they work and their level of output. The hardest workers, get the most.
Standard 8: Example 1 - Terrorism
Although the role of the United States may be diminished in recent years due to the rise of China and other global powers, the US economy remains the largest in the world and US military power remains superior to all other nations. Terrorism has been going on for many years, with numerous terrorist groups targeting the US because of the freedom we offer as well as the power of the United States. The US wants to help other countries that are being attacked by terrorists, such as France, Israel, and Jordan, but we also have terrorists who want to attack our country and we have to prevent them from harming us as well.
Standard 8: Example 2 - Immigration
There are millions of Immigrants from Syria, Mexico, and many Central American countries who want to come into the US to start a new life with their family. These people like the idea of the freedom that we have here in the US, as well as the many benefits offered to the working class, elderly, and poor. They want to live a life where they are both safe as well as have the opportunity to to do certain things. They want to go to US to start a new life, but many citizens and politicians are concerned about their impact and don't want to let them into the country.