ANIMAL SOCIAL STRUCTURES & BEHAVIOR
by Justice Odia, Michael Francis and Mohanad Mazin
Mini Documentary By Mohanad ↓
Humans are a good example of a highly social animal. In modern times, people are constantly communicating and socializing mainly because of the rise of social media. This is strongly due to our fundamental desire for social belonging which is something we gained through evolution.
History of Human Social Behaviour
Human have adapted to live in societies and to cooperate and communicate to accomplish tasks much more efficiently. From these basic yet effective societies, we have evolved into a more social species which has been advantageous to our survival.
Prehistoric human males would hunt game and then later bring it home to be cleaned and cooked by the females. Although they didn’t have fully developed communities with rulers or leaders early on, through their need for socializing and bonding , they were able to work together.
Chimpanzees live in communities which join together periodically and can reach up to 120 members. They communicate with on another using a variety of body language and sounds. They are able to use over 30 different sounds to communicate with each other. Chimpanzees are capable of learning from each other through observation and imitation.
ANIMAL STRUCTURES and functions
Male fiddler crabs wave their giant claw to attract female fiddler crabs
White-tailed deer show alarm by flicking up their tails.
Swans entwine their long necks both to fight and to court.
Why would a species need to be social?
A wolf pack follows a social structure where each wolf has its place. The alpha male would be the leader of the pack who is the only one that has mating rights. The alpha female is the mother of the pack who mates with the alpha. The alpha male is often the strongest most dominant male in the pack who has his genetics to thank for his ranking. The alpha male may establish his superiority through physical size, or their personality; most dominant wolves have more belligerent and authoritative personalities. Since the alpha is the only male in the pack allowed to mate, he would pass on his stronger genes to the offspring which in turns betters the species.
Facial expressions , may express dominant behavior: teeth, ears (pulled back or erect forward).
Tail position: hanging low tucked under legs or erect (erect dominant behavior)
Scent: Wolf’s scent is up to 100,000 times better than a humans. This allows them to urinate to mark territories.Vocal behaviors: Howls, whines (usually by female adult for
affection at their den), growls, barks
Another reason is Eusociality
Let's not forget about reciprocity