Oceanographer

Education Required


- must have a Master of Science (M.Sc.) or doctoral (PhD) degree in oceanography. Graduates of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree programs may work as research or laboratory assistants or technicians who provide technical support


-6 years post-secondary education/training

Job Description


- Oceanographers study all aspects of oceans including their boundaries, contents and role in the earth's climate system


- An oceanographer is a geoscientist who studies the science behind oceans, including chemical composition, historical trends like water temperature and currents, and the effects of man and pollution upon the pH or salinity of ocean water. Like other geoscientists, oceanographers typically hold doctorates in their field; many conduct independent research

  • plan and execute investigations
  • record the details of experiments and expeditions
  • develop and test theories and models
  • prepare papers and reports
  • respond to criticisms of their conclusions
  • help establish policy on coastal and marine environments and resources, and manage related human activities.




Pay Scale

- oceanographers and other geoscientists with one to four years of experience averaged salaries of between $40,000 and $94,986

- oceanographers and other geoscientists with 10 years of work experience or more averaged salaries of $145,451



Where are jobs available?

- Oceanographers may work on ships or in laboratories on land. Some work for private companies. Most work for research institutes or government agencies, or hold teaching and research jobs in colleges and universities.