Factories During The 19th Century
BY : Tiara Saunders
Who worked in Factories ?
The imigrants and working families and children between the ages 10-16 . Also if parents got sick or hurt the children had to work and bring some money into the household. Children as young as six years old during the industrial revolution worked hard hours for little or no pay. Children sometimes worked up to 19 hours a day, with a one-hour total break. This was a little bit on the extreme, but it was not common for children who worked in factories to work 12-14 hours with the same minimal breaks. Not only were these children subject to long hours, but also, they were in horrible conditions. Large, heavy, and dangerous equipment was very common for children to be using or working near. Many accidents occurred injuring or killing children on the job. Not until the Factory Act of 1833 did things improve. Children were paid only a fraction of what an adult would get, and sometimes factory owners would get away with paying them nothing. Orphans were the ones subject to this slave-like labor. The factory owners justified their absence of payroll by saying that they gave the orphans food, shelter, and clothing, all of which were far below par. The children who did get paid were paid very little.
What was the working environment ? Was it safe ?
Factories were very important to the 1800’s, especially because this was during the time of the industrial revolution. The people who worked in these factories were under paid and worked way to long for their age and for the amount of money they got paid for doing their job. Many Americans worked seventy hours or more per week. The people who worked were of all ages. Most of these people started before the age of 7 and they worked just as long as adults. A lot of the factory workers worked for the same companies for their whole life and those who didn’t work in a factory eventually did or at least purchased merchandise from one of the factories.The work places were not always safe. The noise of the machines could be deafening. Factory workers were ruled by the clock , which told them when to start , can not take any breaks and stop work.The Health conditions in the factories were brutal, completely unsanitary. People were constantly sick in them and sickness spread so quickly. There were also many accidents in the factories during the time due to the early machinery. It would usually end up being fatal and one worker died at least every other day in the factories.
How much pay did they make ? Can the factory problem be solved ?
The workers got $2.47 a hour and worked 12 hours , six days a week and I think the fctory problem would be solved by getting paid more and make the factory more safe and curred. Also not having children doing the factory work especially since it wasn't safe even for adults .
This brochure emphosizes the working conditions in factories during the Industrial Revolution. It highlight the hard work they did in the late 1800's; it also shows how young people, even children ages 6-7, were working so they can bring money into the house. During this time the workers were badly injured and it was very dangerous because of the unsafe working conditions . I think the factory problem could have been changed If the employees were paid more and have better working conditions and child labor should also have been illegal.