Nazi Germany 1937-1938
BY: EVAN B./PRANAV A./SASHANK K.
Jewish Persecution and Deportation
Buchenwald Concentration Camp
The Breaking of the Treaty of Versailles
September 7, 1937 – Hitler declares end of Treaty of Versailles-The Versailles Treaty, signed on June 28, 1919, was the peace settlement between Germany and the Allied Powers that officially ended World War I. However, the conditions in the treaty were so inflicting upon Germany that many believe the Treaty of Versailles laid the groundwork for the eventual rise of Nazis in Germany and the eruption of World War II. The perpetrator was Germany while the victims were the Allied Powers.
August 17, 1938 – All Jewish men in Germany required to add “Israel” to their names; all Jewish women required to add “Sarah”-In order for the Nazis to carry out their anti-Jewish policies, they had to know who was a Jew. One way of determining a person's "racial" background was through making all Jewish women adopt the middle name "Sarah" and Jewish men "Israel." The victims were the Jews in Germany while the perpetrators were the Nazis. The bystanders were the local german citizens.
September 29, 1938 – Munich Agreement signed- This basically stated that Germany could have the Sudetenland and in return, Hitler promised not to make any further territorial demands in Europe. The meeting ended with Hitler, Chamberlain, Daladier and Mussolini signing the Munich Agreement which transferred the Sudetenland to Germany. The perpetrators were Germany, Britain, France and Italy While the victims was the Sudetenland (part of Czechoslovakia)
Night of Broken Glass or "Kristallnacht"
November 9-10, 1938-"Kristallnacht" and "Night of Broken Glass"-Nazis in Germany vandalized Jewish homes, schools, and businesses and killed 100 Jews. After Kristallnacht, also called the "Night of Broken Glass," 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and sent to Nazi concentration camps. The perpetrators were the Nazis and Hitler while the victims were the Jews and their buildings. The bystanders, again, were countries like the U.S.
Axis Powers and WWII
1938 laid the foundation for World War Two. Hitler avoided the Treaty of Versailles which marked the end of World War One. He also started gaining control of other countries. These events were the spark for WWII because of Germany gaining power rapidly. 1938 Is also when most of the Axis Powers were found. Japan and Italy joined Germany that year. Japan also began its reign of power by taking over most of China and some of Mongolia then preceded to attack the Soviet Union west of China. Italy also began to move its troops north into Germany setting up outposts on their way in the countries they passed through.
These events affected the world by, obviously lowering the Jewish population of the world. It also shows just how far racial prejudice could go. When Germany signed the Munich Agreement, Europe thought that Germany would keep it's word. Instead they broke it, soon after. This made Europe believe that Germany could no longer be trusted. Germans also started to vandalize an kill Jews and their buildings. It looked to be a dark, sinister time for the Jews.
The main people who made these events effective were Adolf Hitler, Nazis, local German citizens, Herman Goering, Great Britain, Germany, France, and Italy.
We, as a society, can learn that we should never discriminate against any person because of their race, religion, physical condition, or beliefs. We should respect them and not harm them either physically and mentally. We as people should recognize that no leader should ever want death to so many people for any reason. Our society must respect life and help preserve it.
Germany Gaining Power
In 1938, Germany captured its first country, Austria, and the area signed to France during WWI. The Munich Agreement was also signed which gave Germany control of The Czechoslovak Sudetenland Area to try and appease Hitler. After these victories Hitler continued and capture other countries well into the 1940's. Aside from the Japanese and Italy, Germany had gained various support form foreign countries. Germany had helped with the civil war in Spain and in return Spain sent thousands of troops into Germany to help fight Europe. Germany had also forged relations with Finland, Thailand, and Iraq.
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