Assessment for Learning

Formative and Summative

5 Key Strategies

  • Clarifying, Understanding & Sharing learning intentions
  • Engineering effective classroom discussions, tasks, & activities that elicit evidence of learning
  • Provide feedback that moves the students forward
  • Activating students as learning resources for one another
  • Activating students as owner of their learning

Formative Assessments

Formative Assessments provide ongoing feedback to both students and teachers.
  • Helps students identify areas that they are strong as well as weak.
  • Helps teachers identify what students need help with so it can be addressed immediately.

Summative Assessements

Summative Assessments is evaluating students at the end of a lesson to see if they meet standards.
  • Helps teachers and students know what level they have accomplished
  • Testing, Writing papers, final projects are all examples of summative assessments.
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Effective Classroom Environment

Formative and summative can both be used to help promote effectiveness in classrooms. Teachers can establish a system for ongoing feedback such as one of the examples above. This will help the students work on areas that they are struggling with so that when it's time for summative assessments such as end of grade testing they will have had extra help on their areas of weaknesses.

Rystad, M. (2013, April 7). Assessment for learning [Video file]. Retrieved from
University, C. (2016). Formative vs Summative Assessment-Teaching Excellence & Educational Innovation - Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved 6 April 2016, from