Albinism

By: Jadyn Zaffiri

Forms and Symptoms

Albinism is defined as a defect of melanin that results in little or no color in the skin, hair, and eyes. Different types of Albinism have different names. These include Ocular Albinism, which removes color from the back of the eye, Hermansky Pudlak, whichis caused by a single gene, Chediak Higashi, which causes a lack of coloring, and Tuberous Sclerosis, which has small areas without coloring.
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Causes

Albinism is caused when a genetic defect makes the body unable to produce or distribute melanin. Melanin gives color to your hair, iris of the eye, and skin. Albinism can be hereditary and passed down through families.
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Genes and Chromosomes

Albinism is passed down through families from a defect in chromosome X.

Testing

Blood tests can be taken to determine the type of Albinism an individual has. There is prental testing available. Testing cannot diagnose every possible type of albinism.
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Population Affected

All populations are affected by albinism, and there is not many that are more affected than others.

Who can be affected/ Received

You can only be affected by albinism if one of your parents has or carries the gene. It is a recessive, sex linked disorder.

Medical Assistance

Most mild forms of albinism don't have too awful of affects that would require assistance, but some forms come with bleeding problems, easy bruising, lung diseases, bowel diseases, bad vision, and liver problems, all which would need medical assistance. The long term outlook is usually good if it is a mild form without all these problems, and it shouldn't worsen as they get older.

Treatments and Cures

There is no cure for albinism. People with albinism have to take extra precautions, such as always wearing sunglasses, protective clothing, glasses, and eye surgeries.
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Preventation and Children

This disorder cannot be prevented. There is always a chance if you carry orexpress the gene that your kids will express it or at least carry it. You can have children.

Status of Research

Scientists are currently researching albinism and trying to find new ways to treat it, a cure, or a way to cure the worse problems that sometimes come with it.

New Cures and Treatments

There is no new cures or treatments known as of now.

Sources

"Albinism." Healthline. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.


"Albinism: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.


"American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus." Albinism — AAPOS. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.


"What Is Albinism? :: DNA Learning Center." DNALC Blogs. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.