Temperate Deciduous Forest

By: Kaylin Cabble

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Temperate Deciduous Forests are located in eastern North America, Asia, Europe, Australia, New Zealand. and South America. The average rainfall is 30-60 inches and temperature ranges from 75 degree Fahrenheit to 86 degrees Fahrenheit.


In a Temperate Deciduous Forest the average annual temperature is 50 degrees Fahrenheit. the average annual rainfall ranges from 30 - 60 inches. The Forest follows four specific seasons. They include Summer, Spring, Fall, and Winter. Summer starts in June and ends in late August. The Forest usually have mild summers. In the fall the leaves change colors like red, orange, yellow, and brown. They also start to fall to the ground forming a blanket of leaves. In the winter all the leaves have completely fallen off. And if it is cold enough it might snow. Generally in the spring it is warm and flowers start to bloom.

Plant Life

There are 5 zones in a Deciduous forest. There is Tree Stratum which holds tall trees such as Oak, Maple and Walnut. The height of these trees range from 60 feet to 100 feet. Second is the zone called the small Tree Sapling zone. this zone includes trees that are new to life and short trees. The third zone is the Shrub zone. In this zone you can see Azaleas, Mountain Laurel, and Huckleberries. the fourth is known as the Herb zone. this zone holds herbal plants like wildflowers, and berries. And the last zone Ground zone that has Lichens and Moss. Plants adapt by leaning towards the sun to get nutrients. In the spring plants produce leaves that are thin and broad to get the suns nutrients easier. In cool temperatures plants cut off the water supply to the leaves and cuts off the area between the the stem and the trunk.


Some animals that roam the forest are Raccoon, Deer, Squirrels, Bears, and Mice. as you know the animals eat plants or other animals and drink water in lakes or streams. animals adapt by participating in migration and hibernation. Birds migrate in the winter while mammals hibernate because of scarce food sources. Another adaptation is many animals like squirrels, chipmunks and etc store food.

Cooperation and Competition

There is competetion between squirrels and chipmunks for acorns. And Bald Eagles and Black Bears compete for fish. Cougars also compete for territory. Cooperation can include a Wood Pecker creating holes in a tree, and a door mouse lives in it. Squirrels can also cooperate with mice by helping each other gather food.

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Energy flow

The Cougar eats the Deer which eats the grass. The black bear eats fish who eats other fish who eats algae.

Threats to the Environment!

Threats are in every biome even though there different. Threats to the deciduous forest are mostly caused by humans. humans cut down trees and mean while animals are homeless. Some people even bring organisms from other ecosystems to the forest and this causes the organism to compete for food with the native species. Acid Rain produced by industries and cars damage leaves and make them produce fewer seeds. Relating to Acid Rain factories and vehicles also cause smog to form. Endangered species can include Mountain Lions, Timber wolves, Coyotes and etc. you would think these animals would have nothing to fear since their so scary, but that's the exact reason. this biome is so important to us because the trees provide us oxygen, they stop erosion, and it gives animals homes.

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Fun Facts

  1. Animals in this biome extremely adaptive because the weather is always changing.
  2. The forest gets it's name from the tress that deciduous and change color and fall to the ground.
  3. Some insects of this biome can not survive in the winter so they lay eggs in the winter.
  4. The growing season of the forest last six months.