History of DNA
Hunter, Sam, Jared
James D. Watson began his investigation of the structure of DNA, and, in the spring of 1951, he went to the Zoological Station at Naples, where he met Maurice Wilkins and saw for the first time crystalline DNA's X-ray diffraction pattern. That fall, Watson moved his research to the University of Cambridge's Cavendish Laboratory, where he continued his work with X-rays, learning diffraction techniques. He also met Francis Crick, who shared his interest in puzzling out the structure of DNA. The pair began their historic work soon after.
Frederick Sanger is an English biochemist who twice received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. In 1958 for his discovery of the structure of the insulin molecule, and in 1980 for his collaborative work on base sequences in nucleic acids with Paul Berg and Walter Gilbert. He discovered the nucleic acids so we could remake or rebuild our DNA in the future. He is widely considered to be the greatest and most influential biochemists in history.
Elizabeth Blackburn discovered the molecular nature of telomeres – the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes that serve as protective caps essential for preserving the genetic information – and co-discovered the ribonucleoprotein enzyme, telomerase in the mid 1980's along with her graduate student, Carol Greider. Professor Blackburn and her research team at UCSF are working with various cells (including human cells), with the goal of understanding telomerase and telomere biology. They also collaborate in investigating the roles of telomere biology in human health and diseases, in clinical and other human studies.