Autism Spectrum Disorder

BY: Nicole Kimtis

What is Autism?

Autism is a condition or disorder that begins in your early years of life, that causes problems forming relationships and communicating with other people.

Onset of Autism

The onset for Autism for some children can develop because of failure to progress in their younger years. These children can have mixed features including, both early delays and later losses. Autism tends to run in families. Identical twins who share the same genes are most likely to have autism unlike fraternal twins. The relative risk for a second child having this disorder is 20 to 50 times higher than the normal population base rate.

Body System/Systems affected

With Autism your brain in entirely affected. It affects the part that controls social interaction, communication and reasoning. Some children may have difficulty working together to process complex ideas because an Autistic brain processes information a lot slower than a "normal" brain.

Body Function

The normal brain functions differently than one affected by Autism. When your brain has any disorder it may be faster or slower depending on YOU. Normally with Autism the brain is slower. Kids do not process the information that is given to them as quickly as people do without it.

Children and Autism

How do you know you have ASD?

Signs and Symtoms

Flapping Hands

Have obsessive interests


Short attention span

Cause self harm

Delayed speech and Language skills

Rock their body

Spin in circles

Kick and Bite when they don't get, own way

Throw a Tantrum


There is NO actual test that a doctor can give a child to diagnose them with Autism. Physicians can get a sense that someone has it because of the actions they are making. Psychologists oversee autism-specific behavioral evaluations, and make sure that EVERYTHING they see are the signs and symptoms so they do not make the wrong diagnosis.


There is NO treatment for this disease. Doctors can give you ways to help it by using Educational/ Behavioral interventions, medication and some other therapies.


For many children Autism symptoms can improve using Medications. For others, as they get older the symptoms become less problematic. Kids whose language speaking skills increase early usually at the age 3 are at risk of developing seizure like brain activity. People with ASD are expected to live the same amount of time as people without it, but may need support and service as they get older. Some people are able to live a successful life and be independent.

Target Population

The target population for people who are likely to have Autism is between the ages 3 months and 3 years old. Boys are affected a lot higher than girls. There are a few reasons why boys are more likely to be diagnosed with it than girls. For instance, genetic differences between sexes, or the criteria used to diagnose Autism are based on the characteristics of male behavior. Autism is reported to occur in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups. 1 in 88 children are identified to have Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Personal Connection

My cousin Joey Spaulding has Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). He also has another rare disease called Mitochondrial Disorder. It is very difficult to function having both of these diseases but somehow Joey manages to do it. I chose this condition because I have always been so intrigued with kids that have Autistic Disabilities. I enjoy watching the way their bodies move and the different ways they try to communicate or try to get your attention. Joey is a great kid and no person should have to be born like this. I am impressed with the patience my aunt Stephanie has with Joey. Although Joey's disorder is often quite noticeable he is very special and I love spending time with him.


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