EriK Erikson

Erick Castrejon

the begining

Erik Homberger Erikson was born in 1902 near Frankfort, Germany to Danish parents. Erik studied art and a variety of languages during his school years, rather than science courses such as biology and chemistry. He did not prefer the atmosphere that formal schooling produced, so instead of going to college he traveled around Europe, keeping a diary of his experiences. After a year of doing this, he returned to Germany and enrolled in art school. After several years, Erikson began to teach art and other subjects to children of Americans who had come to Vienna for Freudian training. He was then admitted into the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute. In 1933 he came to the U.S. and became Boston's first child analyst and obtained a position at the Harvard Medical School. Later on, he also held positions at institutions including Yale, Berkeley, and the Menninger Foundation. Erikson then returned to California to the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Palo Alto and later the Mount Zion Hospital in San Francisco, where he was a clinician and psychiatric consultant

the 8 stages

Birth to 12 to 18 months

The infant must form a first loving, trusting relationship with the caregiver, or develop a sense of mistrust.


18 months to 3years

The child's energies are directed toward the development of physical skills,including walking, grasping, and rectal sphincter control. The child learnscontrol but may develop shame and doubt if not handled well.


3-6

The child continues to become more assertive and to take moreinitiative, but may be too forceful, leading to guilt feelings


6-12

The child must deal with demands to learn new skills or risk a sense of inferiority,failure and incompetence


12-18

The teenager must achieve a sense of identity in occupation, sexroles, politics, and religion


19-40

The young adult must develop intimate relationships or sufferfeelings of isolation.


45-65

Each adult must find some way to satisfy and support the next generation


65-till death

The culmination is a sense of oneself as one is and of feeling fulfilled.

Some Pics