ASIA

CAMBODIA

Land size

In Cambodias land size is 181,035 km².

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Capital


The capital of Cambodia is Phnom Penh located south east Asia bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos .


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Climate



Cambodia climate is hot to warm all year round . The months November-February is manly cool and dry Average mid-day temperature is 20s dropping down to 20 at night.


The months through November -February is conceded to be the best time to go to Phnom Penh.

March - May is hot and dry . During these months lakes and rivers are very low meaning that boats or any water transport is making them more difficult to travel . By April mid - day temperature can reach up to mid 30s.

June-August :Hot and Wet. Across most of the country , the monsoon rains are fairly predictable meaning the monsoon occurs in the afternoon or at night . Afternoon rains last up to no more than a couple of hours .

September - early November: Cool and Wet. By October , the mid-day temperatures are around the 30s . The air doesn't begin to cool as much until October or November.


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Population


The population of Cambodia was in 2012 14.86 million people

Religion


Cambodia's religion is Buddhism. 95% of Cambodians belong to the Theravada sect of Buddhist. Buddhist believe that people can be reborn. Buddhists in Cambodia earn merit by giving money, goods, and labor to the temples, or by providing one of the two daily meals.

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Customs & Etiquette

Meeting & Greeting

The traditional greeting is a bow combined with a bringing of the hands together at chest level (similar to bringing hands together for prayer).In Cambodia people are addressed with the honorific title "Lok" for a man and "Lok Srey" for a woman followed with the first name or both the first and surname

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Language



Cambodians official language is Khmer and is used for government administration , education at any kind of level and in the media . Khmer is spoken by some 7 million people living in Cambodia and roughly 90% of the population .

Language Part 2

Here are some useful Khmer words and phrases, written phonetically, that will come in handy. Khmer may sound confusing. But with a little patience and practice, you can get by.

There are 33 consonants and 26 vowels. "Ai" is pronounced as in Thai; "ay" as in pay; "dt" takes the t sound while "bp" takes the p sound. "Oo" is pronounced as in cook and "ao" as in Laos.

Economy


In Cambodia agriculture including fishing and forestry employs nearly 75% of the population. About 85% of Cambodia's land is rice because most villages are close to water.


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History Highlights

Cambodians had a lot of history highlights like, The origin of the Khmers which was a Indian Brahman named Kaundinya and the princess was the daughters of the dragon king with was when Kaundinya shot an arrow in the dragon kings bout. Also the early Cambodian kingdoms From the 1st century, the relation to the Indian of Cambodia occurred through trading settlements that sprang up on the coastline of what is now southern Vietnam, but was then inhabited by the Khmers.





Education


Education progressed very slowly in Cambodia. It was not until the late 1930s that the first high school opened. Cambodia still has a high illiteracy rate where 76.25% of men and 45.98% of the women have yet to know their ABCs.


Health

Cambodia's health started in 1991. In 1995 the ministry of health approved a new health system to improve the primary health care through "District-base health system.

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Living Conditions



Home for may Cambodians is small homes made from wood or bamboo. The popular diet is rice and fish which is the source of protein.


Natural Resources


This is some of the natural resources are oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential


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Environmental Issues


Cambodia's environmental issues include. In the 1960s and 1970s Cambodian forests and wetlands were harmed by bombings and defoliants used in the Vietnam War. More than 800,000 hectares (2 million). Cambodian government has declared a large portion— 16.2 percent (1997)—of the country’s total land area protected acres) of Cambodian forest were cut down from 1990 to 1995.

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Clothes that Cambodians wear

Cambodians both female and male wear checked scarf around the neck called a krama. It can also be worn around the shoulders or like a turban on the head.


Traditional Cambodian wear

Men and women both slip on the following typical wear: Cambodian men typically wear cotton or silk shirts with short sleeves. They wear cotton trousers as well. Cambodian women customarily wear a sarong which is embellished with silver and gold threading and a sarong. A sarong/sampot is a long fabric piece, which is commonly wrapped around the waist and worn by both men and women in South East Asia.

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Floods in cambodia

In cambodia the flood in 2011costed around $550 million dollars of damage . The floods have affected most of the country's 24 region and Phnom Penh since mid-Sept $550 million ember and 168 Cambodians, 73 of them were children, have died.

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Main Celebrations

Main celebrations are in Cambodia The Khmer New Year witch is normaly on 13th April.The Khmer New Year it marks the end of harvest season when farmers enjoy the fruits of there hard times .

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