England

By: Blayz Hood

Country Basics

The name of my country is England. The capital of England is London. The flag of England is white with a red cross. The flag is linked to St. George in his role as a patron saint of soldiers. A patron saint is regarded as a heavenly advocate.

England's Geography

England is a part of the United Kingdom and is surrounded by three other countries; Wales ,Northern Ireland,and Scotland. The major landforms of England are Scafell Pike, Cheviot Hills, The Pennines, Cambrian Mountains,Salibury Plain,The Downs, and The Dartmoor. England's major landmarks are Stonehenge, Windsor Castle,Hadrian Walls, White Cliffs of Dover, Blackpool Tower, Buckingham Palace, The London Eye, and St Paul's Cathedral. England's major bodies of water are Lake Windermere, Kielder Water,and the River Thames. England's geography impacts farming. In some areas farmers keep sheep. In other areas they keep dairy cows. Farmers grow grains, potatoes, and sugar beets in Southeast England. In the eastern parts of England they grow wheat, barley, and vegetables. Summers in England are cooler, and winters are mild. Because of the warm ocean currents, England gets a lot of rain,fog, and humidity.
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White cliffs of dover

England's Goverment

England's government is a Constitutional Monarchy. The leader's are Queen Elizabeth II, Prime minister David Cameron, and the Parliament. The Parliament is made up of the House of lords and the House of commons. England's Queen is not elected. She is part of a monarchy. The Prime minister is appointed by the Queen. The Prime minister chooses ministers to lead Parliament. English citizen's rights include marriage, civil partnerships, protest, and make a complaint against the government.

England's Economy

The UK is the fourth wealthiest country in the world.They use the pound sterling and pence for money. England as a industry produces machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, ships, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, metals, chemicals, petroleum, paper and paper products, processed food, and textiles. The life expectancy in England is 81 years. The birth rate is 4.7 per thousand. The literacy rate for males is 90% and for females it is 82.7%. The main drinking sources are wells and lakes.
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Pound sterling

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Ten pence

England's culture

England's clothing include casual clothes such as jeans and nice t-shirts for classes. For formal events they wear suits, ties, and dresses. Their culture includes English art, gardening, and architecture. English is the main language they spoken in England. The main holidays celebrated are Guy Fawkes Day, Battle of Britain Day, St. David's Day, St. George's Day, Christmas, and New Year's. The main religions in England are Christian, Roman Catholic, and Methodist. Currently, the most popular dish in England is curry.

England's Climate

It is drier to the south, but in other areas it is rainy and windy. The average yearly rainfall is 133 days of rain or snow per year, so it totals about 885 milliliters per year. The average yearly high temperature in England is 56 degrees Fahrenheit. The average low is 43 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures England have risen by about one degree since the 1970s. The changing climate presents a challenge for forest planning and forest management because of the increases in temperature, changes in rainfall, and an increase of extreme events like floods.

England's History

The Slave Trade Act of 1807 did not end slavery, but it did put a stop to slave trade, not just for British ships, but for everyone. The act lead to the formation of the West Africa Naval Squadron, which went freed 150,000 African Slaves. The 1815 Battle of Waterloo victory over Napoleon put to an end French dreams of European rule. It proved that Britain was capable of putting together land armies and maintaining order in Europe. The Battle of Waterloo put to an end the battle over land in Europe. The First World War destroyed Britain. Around 900,000 British soldiers died in the conflict, 1.6 million were wounded. During the First World War, England incurred huge debts during the war that nearly bankrupted the country. Following the war, England became more democratic. Women and the working class became better organized and more powerful.

Compare and Contrast

The government in England is ran by a queen and a prime minister. The queen is part of a monarchy and the prime minister is selected by the monarchy. In the United States we have a president and other officials who are elected by the people. Culturally there are a lot of similarities. We both speak English, wear similar clothing, celebrate some of the same holidays, and eat some of the same foods. However, there are a few holidays like Guy Fawkes Day and St. George's Day that we do not celebrate.