El Salvador

By Connor Welsh

Geography

Salvador, known as the land of volcanoes, also has frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity. There are 30 volcanoes in El Salvador, but only one is active. It's also the only country in Central America that doesn't have a coastline on the Carribean Sea.

Capital Pictures

El Salvador Map Location

Big image

Major Cities

Historical Sites and Landmarks

Economy

Most recently after a devastating civil war, El Salvador adopted the U.S. Dollar in attempt to spur the country's economic activity.

Language

The official language of El Salvador is Spanish. Nahuat is the indigenous language that has survived, though it is only used by small communities of elderly Salvadorans in western El Salvador.

Food

Breakfast: Coffee, Crema, Frijoles Negros, Horchata


Lunch: Pollo Encebollado, Pollo/Carne Guisada, Mojarra Frita


Dinner: Pollo Dorado, Carne Asada con Casamiento

Important People

Music

The music of El Salvador has a mixture of Lenca, Pipil, and Spanish. Most of which is Salvadoran Cumbia and hip-hop.

Musical Instruments

Seasons/Climate

El Salvador’s dry season (known locally as verano, or summer) runs between November and April, with a rainy season (invierno or winter) between May and October. In the rainy season, coastal and central regions typically suffer afternoon storms sandwiched between pleasant weather.

Sports

The main sport played by Salvadorans is football (soccer). They also have some club teams such as Alianza F.C. and San Salvador F.C..

Religion

Roman Catholic 57.1%

Protestant 21.2%

Brief History

The main indigenous group is the Pipiles


Spain began conquest for El Salvador in June, 1524


El Salvador, with the other countries of Central America, declared its independence from Spain on September 15, 1821 and was part of a federation of Central American states until that union dissolved in 1838.

Indigenous Facts

The Pipiles were mostly massacred at the first opening battle against the Spaniards. The remaining forces retreated into the mountains and made a resistance. The Spaniards, unable to defeat this resistance, retreated and returned two months later. They stopped calling the Pipiles, Pipiles, and just called them indios, or indians. In modern El Salvador, the Pipil have had a strong influence on the current culture of El Salvador, with a large portion of the population claiming ancestry from this and other indigenous groups

Natural Resources

1. Hydro-Electric Power


2. Geothermal Power


3. Petroleum


4. Arable Land


5. Mineral Mining

Exportations

Offshore assembly products, coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, and chemicals are El Salvador's main exports.

Government

El Salvador uses a Presidential System with a Constitutional Republic

Touristic Places