The Gold Rush

Alysa Martinez P8

The Start of the California Gold Rush (1849)

The Discovery

The discovery of the nuggets in the Sacramento Valley in 1848 sparked the Gold Rush, arguably one of the most significant things to shape American History during the first half of the 19th century.
The Gold Rush

So Much Gold

John Bidwell, made his own strike further north in an area that became known as Bidwells Bar. The land was so rich with gold that one miner later built a three- story mansion with his profits and still gold left.
A Brief History of Bidwell Mansion (Chico, CA)

Homestake Mining Co.

When Homestake Mining Co. axed its Lower Lake mining operation at McLaughlin Mine in 1996; it spelled the end of 200 jobs and an 11-year reign as California's most most productive gold mine.
Gold Mining in South Dakota | Largest Gold Mine in North America | Documentary | 1940

The "49ers"

The large influx of "49ers," as the gold prospectors were known, caused California's population to increase dramatically. In San Fransisco, for example, the population grew from 1,000 in 1848 to 20,000 by 1850.

Samuel Brannan Found Gold

On February 4, 1846, 27-year-old Samuel Brannan sailed from New York City aboard the Brooklyn. On board were 238 fellow Mormons. Brannan stayed in California, but rejected the Mormon church and the church excommunicated him. In the fall of 1847 he opened a store at John Sutter's Fort. Rumors circulated that gold had been found nearby at Coloma. In early May, Brannan headed to the mines to see for himself. He learned "there was more gold than all the people in California could take out in fifty years."

Brannan's Master Plan | Gold Fever