Gibbs

Reflective Cycle Theory

Stages of the Cycle

1. Description- What Happened

2. Feelings- What where you thinking and feeling at the time?

3. Evaluation- What was good and bad about the experience?

4. Analysis- What sense can you make of the situation?

5. Conclusion- What else could you have done?

6. Action Plan- If it arose again what would you do?

Helps you evaluate what your actions throughout the situation and how to improve the situation next time it occurs.

More Information...

  • Created by Professor Graham Gibbs in 1988
  • Often used as a framework for coursework and assignments by students
  • Was developed upon an earlier theoretical model by David Kolbs (4 stage experimental learning cycle, 1984)

Aims of using the reflective cycle...

  • Challenges your assumptions
  • promote self-improvement, this is done by identifying your weaknesses and strengths
  • Explores new ideas and approaches to the situation
  • Links practice with theory, by action of observing another action and applying knowledge and thinking about what has happened