Human Learning

What is learning?

Whether you know it or not, you are learning everyday. Learning is not just sitting in a classroom. It is happing every time you do something new, make a mistake, or even improve how you do something. Every experience you have is a learning opportunity.

Conditioning


Classical conditioning is a form of conditioning is when you pair a stimulus that provokes a response naturally with a stimulus that provoke a response only after it provokes a response like the first stimulus provokes. The second form of conditioning is operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is the form of conditioning focuses on deliberate actions. People learn in their own way how to behave in certain ways through both positive and negative reinforcement.

Social Learning Theory

In the 1970's, this theory was first researched and challenged traditional behavioral theories. This theory focuses on both enactive and vicarious observations.


  • Enactive learning focuses on actively doing things and then being responsible for the outcomes.
  • Vicarious learning just by observing people and learning from them.

Information Processing

This is the process of human beings minds taking things in, storing it, and using that information. This process includes working, sensory, and long term memory. They all work together to interpret and organize information. Sensory memory takes in feelings, sights, smells, sounds, and other stimuli to transform them into information to process. Sensory memory is only retained for three seconds. Working memory is the second and is when new information is combined with what that person already knows. This form of memory has limited capacity and is made up of four components.

  1. Central executive which is responsible for attention.
  2. Phonological loop which deals with sound and speech.
  3. Visuospatial sketchpad are where images are manipulated.
  4. Episodic buffer is where the other three all come together to create an the overall memory.

Lastly, long term memory is where the information that is well known is stored. There is unlimited capacity and is broken down into explicit and implicit memory. Explicit memories are ones that we are consciously recall. Where as implicit memory affects our actions and feelings even though we are not aware of it.