The War of 1812

The War of 1812 help make the U.S.

Causes of the War of 1812

Cause #1- Impressment

Britain and France went to war again in 1803

America declared neutrality and wanted to trade with both

Cause #2- Economic Problems: Embargo of 1807

Jefferson proposed an embargo to avoid war

The "Damn-bargo":

- Embargo Act of 1807- American stopped ALL trade with Europe

- Good result- Kept Amrican ships safe and avoided war

- Bad result- Without European trade, the American ecomomy suffered

Cause #3- "War Hawks" Elected

War Hawk wanted war against Britain

In 1810, new "War Hawk" congressmen from the South and West were elected

-Southern Anger- Britain had damaged their trade with Europe

Cause #4- Native American Attack

Americans viotated the Treaty of Greenville and moved into India land

British troops were still in western forts and armed Indians to attack Americans

Battles

War of 1812

• Fighting on the Canadian border:

• British and American navies fought battles on the Great Lakes

• Americans burned the city of York, now Toronto

• Britain tried to invade New York and New England, where Federalists were, but failed

• If Britain succeeded, the North and possibly the entre war would have been lost

• America tried to invade Canada at three locations but failed

• Fighting on the border was a stalemate

Washington, D.C. Attacked

• Fighting around the Chesapeake Bay:

• The British navy moved to the Chesapeake Bay and marched soldiers to Washington, D.C.

• Members of the federal government, including Madison, fled as the British attacked

• The Capitol building and White House were burned

Effect

War of 1812 Afermath

• Economy:

• Factories grew during the war and America depended less on Bri6sh manufacturing

• Politics:

• William Henry Harrison and Andrew Jackson became heroes

• The Federalists looked unpatriotic after the Hartford Convention and “died out”