Political Revolutions

Do the Benefits Outweigh the Costs?

By: Alexis Devers

What is a Political Revolution?

A political revolution is, in my own words, a change in government where power shifts often towards reforms. Political reform, shifts in power, change in government for the people, society (social programs), and the right to own something are just some of the things that cause and prolong a political revolution. "A political revolution, in the Trotskyist theory, is an upheaval in which the government is replaced, or the form of government altered, but in which property relations are predominantly left intact."

The American Revolution

"The American Revolution was a political upheaval that took place between 1765 and 1783 during which colonists in the Thirteen American Colonies rejected the British monarchy and aristocracy, overthrew the authority of Great Britain, and founded the United States of America. The American Revolution was the result of a series of social, political, and intellectual transformations in American society, government and ways of thinking. Starting in 1765 the Americans rejected the authority of the British Parliament to tax them; protests continued to escalate, as in the Boston Tea Party of 1773, and the British responded by imposing punitive laws—the Coercive—on Massachusetts in 1774. The other colonies rallied behind Massachusetts and set up a Congress to take charge."


In the book and movie Divergent, the citizens were forced to choose one of the five factions: Dauntless, Abnegation, Candor, Amity, Erudite. You were almost forced to conform to society, and almost never interaction with someone from another faction. Your family was considered your faction now, even if your blood family was in a different faction. Some people were born Divergent, meaning they didn't fit in with one certain faction. They had to hide this from the leaders, because being Divergent was dangerous. This was a political revolution because there was confirmation to society, shifts in power, and the government ends up changing.

The Holocaust

From 1941 to 1945, Jews were targeted and methodically murdered in a genocide, the largest in modern history, and part of a broader aggregate of acts of oppression and killings of various ethnic and political groups in Europe by the Nazis.[5]Every arm of Germany's bureaucracy was involved in the logistics of the genocide, turning the Third Reich into "a genocidal state".[6] Non-Jewish victims of broader Nazi crimes include Gypsies, Poles, communists, homosexuals, Soviet POWs, and the mentally and physically disabled. In total, approximately 11 million people were killed, including one million Jewish children alone.[7][8] Of the nine million Jews who had resided in Europe before the Holocaust, approximately two-thirds were killed.[9] A network of about 42,500 facilities in Germany and German-occupied territories were used to concentrate, confine, and kill Jews and other victims.[10] Between 100,000 and 500,000 people were direct participants in the planning and execution of the Holocaust.[11]


"What+is+a+political+revolution - Google Search." What Is a Political Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2015.

"The Holocaust." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web.