Asia

China

Capital of China

Beijing is a large city located in northern China.

Beijing has a very large population at 22,000,000.

Beijing is the second largest city in China, Shanghai is the biggest.

In 2008 Beijing held the Summer Olympics.

History

Chinese civilisation originated in various regional centers along both the Yellow River and the Yangtze. China is one of the worlds oldest civilisations with a written history that goes back before 1700BC. China's history has had mutiple aras and Warlords. This practice began with the Qin Dyansty: in 221 BC, Qin Shi Huang united the various warring kingdoms and created the first Chinese empire.

Climate and Land size

The climate in China varies from region to region since the country is massive! China is 9,706,961km2 in area. In the northeast the summers are hot and dry and the winters are freezing cold. The north and central regions have lots of rain, with hot summers and cold winters. In the southeast region of China there is lots of rainfall, semi-tropical summers and cool winters. Flooding can occur in the central, southern and western areas. Earthquakes can also occur in China.

People

The current population of China is 1.354 billion people and it is the most populated country in the world. Buddhism is the most well known religion in China. There are more than 13 thousand Buddhist temples that are open to the public. Over 180 million people believe in Buddhism, however most people in China are non religious. About one fifth of the world's population speak some form of Chinese as their native language. There are many different forms of Chinese with the most common being Mandarin. Instead of an alphabet they use Chinese characters when writing. They write within imaginery blocks with vertical columns. They read from top to bottom down a column and from right to left across columns.

Economy

China is the worlds second largest economy. China has a socialist market economy which means that the goverment owns all enterprises. Over the last thirty years China has been the fastest growing major economy. The growth rate of China's economy is currently 8% and at this rate China will become the worlds largest economy by 2021 with a Gross Domestic Product of $24 trillion. Australias current GDP is $1.521 trillion.

The currency of China is the Renminbi which means the people's currency. It is known throughout the world as the yuan. One Australian dollar is equivelent to 5.8 Chinese yuan.

Environmental issues

For centuries, China has been the most populated nation on Earth. Today, its population's impact on the environment is obvious even in the most remote areas. But with an unexpected economic boom, these effects are becoming bigger. While individuals dont use many resources, when you look at the entire population which is over 1 billion people the use of resources is very high and this is having serious impacts on the environment.


To meet the needs of over one billion people which include food and shelter many industries in China and world wide are affected for example fishing, logging and clothing.

This can affect many of the world's natural resources and a variety of wild life. Scientists have predicted that China will be the world's leading producer of greenhouse gasses by 2025.

Education

China's education is the largest in the world. Education in China is compulsory. Each class averages 35 students. It is estimated that 99.7 percent of the country have done 9 years of basic schooling. Education is free for Chinese people aged from six to fifteen though parents must pay small fees for books and uniforms. After the age of fifteen (called middle school) parents must pay fees for high school. While many people in the cities of China can afford the fees for high school people in the rural areas of China often can not afford the fees. Because of this many of these children only go to school until they are 15 years old. In high school students begin preparing for exams that will get them into university. 9.12 million people did their National Higher Education Entrance Examination on June this year. This is very competitive, the exam results determine which universities and courses the students can attend.

health

The average life expectancy is 77.11 years for females and 72.82 years for males. In Australia it is 84.45 years for females and for males is 79.48 years. This means that on average Australians live longer than the Chinese. The infant mortality (death) rate in China is 25.3 out of 1000. Australia's infant mortality rate is 4.55 out of 1000 births. In China the amount spent per person on health is US $229 per year. This equates to 5.5 percent of the GDP. In Australia, $5796 per person was spent on health in 2011. This equates to 9.3 percent of the GPD. More money is spent on health per person in Australia which most likely affects life expectancy.