By: Tyler Marsh

What is Labor?

Work, especially hard physical work.The relationship between business and labor has been at the center of some of the major economic and political theories about capitalism over the last two centuries. Labor law arose due to the demand for workers to have better conditions, the right to organize, or, alternatively, the right to work without joining a labor union, and the simultaneous demands of employers to restrict the powers of the many organizations of workers and to keep labor costs low. Employers' costs can increase due to workers organizing to achieve higher wages, or by laws imposing costly requirements, such as health and safety or restrictions on their free choice of whom to hire . Workers' organizations, such as trade unions, can also transcend purely industrial disputes and gain political power. The state of labor law at any one time is, therefore, both the product of, and a component of, struggles between different interests in society.