The Religion of Islam

Learn many facts about the Islamic religion

The Beliefs

  • Muslims believes in Allah
  • He sent his revaluation, the Quran, to the prophet Mohammed
  • The 5 pillars of faith include:
    1. Orally declaring your faith to Islam
    2. Pray 5 times a day
    3. Fast in the daylight hours during the month of Ramadam
    4. Giving to charity
    5. Making a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime if they can afford.
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The Beginning of Islam

  • Started in 7th century C.E. in Mecca
  • Spread into North Africa, Europe, and Central Asia
  • Also expanded into the Sassanian and Byzantine Empires
  • Medieval and Renaissance European culture includes elements of Islamic society
  • Islam shares beliefs with anamists

Sacred Text and Writing

  • There are two main scared texts
  • The Quran contains surahs (verses) in Arabic
  • States that Muslims must worship only one god and explains how they must respect the others around them
  • Hadith is a book that describes Mohammed's life, prescribes laws for the Quran, and explains how to perform certain rituals
  • Muslims own calendar called the Lunar

Place of Worship

The Muslims main place of worship is a Mosque

Holy Days

  • Id Al-Fitr: A fast breaking festival
  • Id al-Adha: The festival of sacrifice
  • The Day of Judgement: When good people go to heaven while bad people go to hell

Religious Leaders

  • They call their religious leaders the Imam
  • They most likely lead worship services and provide guidance.

Islam Today

  • 1.3 Billion people are Islamic
  • 940 Million are Sunni
  • Most popular in the Middle East
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