Microorganisms

8.L.1.1 and 8.L.1.2

Outbreak

Occurrence of a disease greater than would otherwise be expected, this is the start of a disease

Epidemic

An outbreak of a disease that affects many people in an area of a specific country or region, this is in one part not the whole place

Pandemic

An epidemic that spreads over a very large area or throughout the entire world,this is throughout a large area such as wordlwide

Vector

An organism typically an insect, that transmits disease

Pathogen

A virus,bacteria,fungie,parasite, or protozoa that can cause illness and infection

Protozoa

Diverse organisms that cannot be classified as animals,plants, or fungi

Virus

A non living pathogen that can mutate. it infects a host cell and replicates to cause illness and disease,It can be cured with a vaccine,it invades healthy cells and needs a host cell to reproduce

Bacteria

Single-celled prokaryotes that can cause disease. multiply rapidly and can form colonies,can be cured with antibiotics

Parasite

An organism that lives in or on another organism, called a host, taking nutrients and often harming it in the process

Fungi

A singled-celled or multi-cellular organism that can decompose or absorb organic matter

Host cell

A call that a virus invades, takes over, and make copies of itself

Quaritine

A time or place of isolation in which people or animals that have been exposed to infectious or contagious diseases are placed

Microbiology

The study of small living things