Informative Reading and Writing

Analytical Responses and Research Papers

Big Questions to Answer About Reading

  • How do I analyze a text to understand author's purpose?
  • How do I evaluate sources to determine a text's effectiveness?
  • How do I support my analysis with textual evidence?

Reading Standards

RI.11-12.1. Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis and draw inferences from the text.


RI.11-12.4-5. Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the language and structure an author uses through the development of the text.

"Research is formalized curiosity. It is poking and prying with a purpose." Zora Neale Hurston

Big Questions to Answer About Writing

  • How do I organize information from a variety of sources to convey my ideas?
  • How do I properly cite information in a paper to avoid plagiarism?
  • How do I revise and edit to clarify meaning and purpose?

Writing Standard

W.11-12.2. Write informative texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.


W.11-12.5. Develop and strengthen writing by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience.



W.11-12.8. Gather relevant information rom multiple sources, assess the strengths and limitations of each source, and integrate information selectively to maintain the flow of ideas.



W.11-12.9. Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.