Civil War Battlefield

Information found at http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/

Fort Sumter

On the date April 12 - 14, 1861 General P.G.T Beauregard which is the commander of the Confederate forces around the Charleston Harbor. He soon opened fired on the Union based called Fort Sumter. Around 2:30 pm on April 13 Major Robert Anderson the Union garrison commander surrendered the fort, troops and then evacuated the very next day. This battle started the war also know as the first shots of the war. The reason that Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard attacked Fort Sumter was because President Abraham Lincoln announced pans to resupply the fort. It took 34 hour for this battle to come to an end.


Picture at: Civilwar.org,. 'Fort Sumter'. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

Antietam

September 16 - 18, 1862 near Sharpsburg Maryland, George McClellan mounted a long series of powerful assaults against Robert E. Lee. After the assaults the vicious counterattack of the Confederate swept back throughout Miller’s Cornfield and even West Wood. The union assaults against the Sunken Road thought the Confederate’s center after a very terrible struggle. The final assault was made by the union’s army which pushed over a bullet-strewn stone bridge at Antietam Creek. As the Federal forces began to dwindle on the Confederate right, the A.P. Hill’s division from Harpers Ferry came to give reinforcements. The military history of this battle called it a draw but the Confederate retreated so this gave Abraham Lincoln the victory.


Picture at: Navsource.org,. 'Aircraft Carrier Photo Index: USS ANTIETAM (CV-36)'. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

Vicksburg

Throughout May 18 and July 4th 1863 Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant garrison troops arrive at Vicksburg. They are there to prepare and set a trap for the Confederate army. The Confederate army was commanded by Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. Vicksburg surrendered after a prolonged siege of assaults and operations. As the lose of Pemberton army the whole Confederate army was split right to half the number of the original troops. In the West after Grant’s success this boosted his own reputation. As the history say’s this was one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war.


Picture at: History.army.mil,. 'U.S. Army Center Of Military History - Prints & Posters - The U.S. Army In Action - Page 1'. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

Gettysburg

On July 1 - 3, 1863 as Gen. Robert E. Lee wanted the approach of the Unions Gen. George G. Mead’s forces. The Union troops fought back as the Confederate troops pushed them back against the Iron Brigade. As the next day came upon Gen. Robert E. Lee saw that his troops striking the Unions troops and pushing them back to the Devil’s Den, Little Round Top, Wheatfield, Peach Orchard, Culp’s Hill and East Cemetery Hill. The south captured the Devils den and Peach Orchard. As the battle came to an end Culp’s hill with the union’s remaning troops trying to regain there lost ground. Lee’s second invasion was an ultimate fail which caused his troops massive casualties.


Picture at: History.com,. '7 Things You Should Know About The Battle Of Gettysburg'. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

Sherman’s March To Sea (Atlanta)

July 22, 1864 is the date of the Sherman’s March to Sea military campaign. Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood was hoping to drive Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s Yankees out of Atlanta. Hood ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee’s to make a 15 mile march to assault the Union’s left flank. McPherson was suspecting a move just like this one and held some of his troops in position for an ambush. As the ambush was a success Hood’s attack failed to dislodge the Federal who tightened their foothold in Atlanta.


Picture at: Civilwarexperience.ncdcr.gov,. 'The North Carolina Civil War Experience - Biographies'. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

Fort Fisher

After the failure of the first try against Fort Fisher Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler was relived of his command over the Confederate army. Then Maj. Gen Alfred Terry was placed in command of a garrison which was called "Provisional Corps" which included Paine’s Division of U.S. Colored Troops. After the preliminary bombardment caused by Rear Adm. David D. Porter on January 13 which was the start of this battle. As the Union forces landed and prepared for the assault on Maj. Gen. Robert Hoke’s infantry line. A valiant attack on the 15th followd the bloody repulse of the naval land party carried by the parapet. At the end of the battle the Confederate troops surrendered and thus opening a way for the Federal attack against Wilmington.


Picture at: Nchistoricsites.org,. 'NC Historic Sites - Fort Fisher - Facilities'. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

Appomattox Court House

On April 9th 1865 after a 4 year war the troops of the Confederate soldiers command of Gen. Robert E. Lee. Lee was being pushed back after trying to head south, then he decided to head west to get to South Side Railroad at Appomattox station. The confederate troops were cut off once again and almost surrounded by the unions troops in a small village called Appomattox Court House. Lee’s army was trapped he had no change to win so he surrendered his remaining troops to the Union’s General, Gen. Grant at the McLean House on April 9th 1865.


Picture at: Encyclopedia Britannica,. 'Appomattox Court House | Building, Appomattox, Virginia, United States'. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.