Health Examinations

Conner Herrman


- Mammograms is a screening for women where it can be used to check for breast cancer if they either have symptoms or they don't. Screening mammograms involve a picture taken of each breast, and the pictures can detect tumors that cannot be felt or seen. A diagnostic mammogram can also be used to evaluate changes found during a screening mammogram or to view breast tissue when it is difficult to obtain a screening mammogram because of special circumstances, such as the presence of breast implants. The recommended age to get a mammogram is from age 40 to 44. They should get them every year but if at the age of 55 or older can go every two years.
- Pap Smears are medical tests that can detect or figure out if there are any problems with the woman's cervix. They can identify infections and other problems, including abnormal cells that may develop into cancer if they are not treated. Once a woman turns 21 they should start to get Pap Smears regularly and if in 20's should get them at least every three years. Doctors use a speculum to gently widen the vagina. After the speculum is in place, the doctor will shine a light inside the vagina to see if there are any problems with the cervix.
- Testicular exams are an easy way for guys to check their own testicles to make sure there aren't any unusual lumps or bumps. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in males between the ages of 15 and 35. It's important to try to do a check every month so you can become familiar with the normal size and shape of your testicles, making it easier to tell if something feels different or abnormal, by gently rolling the testicals with your hands to feel any lumps or bumps.
- Prostate exams can help identify cancer early on, when treatment is most effective. Normal PSA tests, combined with a digital rectal exam, can help reassure you that it's unlikely you have prostate cancer. Getting a PSA for some men is not necessary especially if 70 or older for men. Organizations generally encourage the test in men between the ages of 40 and 70, and in men with an increased risk of prostate cancer.

Pap Smears:
How to Perform a Testicular Self Examination:

Prostate cancer screening: Should you get a PSA test?: