Spotlight on Strategies
Compare and Contrast
Why Compare and Contrast?
Standards Being Addressed
Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.
Use information gained from illustrations (e.g., maps, photographs) and the words in a text to demonstrate understanding of the text (e.g., where, when, why, and how key events occur).
Describe the logical connection between particular sentences and paragraphs in a text (e.g., comparison, cause/effect, first/second/third in a sequence).
Compare and contrast the most important points and key details presented in two texts on the same topic.
To introduce comparing and contrasting I will model how to compare and contrast using an anchor chart and two sources. I will do a think aloud to model how I think about comparing and contrasting on a graphic organizer. I will use my Canvas Solar System research module. I can use the different sources to see which sources will work best for me. I will research and choose the best facts to compare the Earth and Pluto. I will take notes on my organizer. I can write that on my graphic organizer in the section about both Earth and Pluto. Then if I need to know what it means to contrast, I know I can look back at my anchor chart and see that contrast means different. Well, I see that Earth and Pluto are two different sizes. If I write that on my graphic organizer I will put small on the Pluto side and large on the Earth side. I can see the different distances from the sun. Earth is closer and Pluto is very far away. I can write about the different distances on the Earth side and the Pluto side. Now, before I am finished I want to make sure that I have met my goal.
Have different links connected on Canvas to different sources.
Note Taking Skills
Have t-chart examples
Show students how to pull important information out of the text to use for comparing and contrasting.
If you need another way to share with students how to compare and contrast, click here.
Let's Give Credit
S. (2014). Introduction to Reading Skills: Compare and Contrast Nonfiction Texts. Retrieved April 10, 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6pRlaKq3L5I
Silver, H. (n.d.). Compare and Contrast. Retrieved April 10, 2016, from http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/110126/chapters/Section-1@-Why-Compare-$-Contrast¢.aspx
Newman, Lindsey. (March 30, 2016). Planets: Compare and Contrast. https://s.nearpod.com/j/AD07F2AA6E660F7F86449EEAF7306CDB-1
Mailonline, G. V. (2015). Did our solar system once contain DOZENS of Earth-like planets? Simulations suggest these rocky worlds may have been kicked out by the gas giants billions of years ago. Retrieved April 10, 2016, from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3306656/Did-solar-contain-DOZENS-Earth-like-planets-Simulations-suggest-rocky-worlds-kicked-gas-giants-billions-years-ago.html