Goldfields: Women and Children

Scarlet 5T


ln 1854 there were approximately 4000 women on the goldfields in Ballarat compared to about12500 men. Most of these women were married.

Children and education

Children moved schools often. Parents kept moving to find richer goldfields. Often there was no schooling because there was no school built. If there was a school it was a tent made out of canvas.

Roles and Responsibilities

1. Cooking

2. Singing and dancing for diggers

3. Some women were diggers

4. Shopkeepers

5. Caring for Children

6. Making bread/butter and jams


On the goldfields many children died because of the foul muddy water they had to drink. Conditions were poor. Cemeteries were set up to bury the dead.