Intro to Psychology
The study of behavior and mental processing
Orgins of Psychology
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior of individuals and their mental processing. Psychology did not appear as its own subject until the late 1800's, the orgins of psychology can be "traced back much further to Ancient Greece". For centuries people have taken interest in the behavior of people and animals. However psychology did not become popular until Wilhem Wandt released his book titled The Principles of Psychology. This book demonstrated the many similarities between the study of psychology and the study of human behavior. With this Whilem "kicked off" the psychology movement and he would "set the stage" for so many other scientist pursuing a career in psychology.
Scope Of Psychology
Levels of Psychology
Genetics-What's going on in the brain.
Body Language, Facial Expression, Tone.
Person in situations, Culture-Context, Sexual Arousal.
Key Historical moments:
Wilhelm Wundt opens up the first experimental library at the University of Leipzig, Germany.
First doctorate of psychology is given to Joseph Jastrow at John Hopkins University.
Lightner Witmer opens up the first psychological clinic at the University of Pennsylvania.
Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon utilize standardized tests to develop a scale of general intelligence, which would later become known as an IQ.
Bob Smith founded Alcoholics Anonymous which, with the use of a 12 step program, paved the way for many other support therapeutic groups.
The APA publishes a document that establishes the ethical standards of psychologists, which is now known as APA's Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct.
Fields of Specialty:
Clinical Neuropsychology (recognized in 1996)
Clinical Health Psychology (recognized in 1997)
Psychoanalysis in Psychology (recognized in 1998)
School Psychology (recognized in 1998)
Clinical Psychology (recognized in 1998)
Clinical Child Psychology (recognized in 1998)
Counseling Psychology (recognized in 1998)
Industrial-Organizational Psychology (recognized in 1996)
Behavioral and Cognitive Psychology (recognized in (2000)
Forensic Psychology (recognized in 2001)
Family Psychology (recognized in 2002)
Professional Geropsychology (recognized in 2010)
Police and Public Safety Psychology (recognized in 2013)
Sleep Psychology (recognized in 2013)
Goals of Psychology:
Explain why a behavior occurs
Predict behavior in the future
Control or modify behaviors