Roman Aqueducts

Blair Ingham & Dymon Bailey 4A

Materials Used to Construct the Aqueducts

The first aqueducts were made of lengths of inverted clay tiles and sometimes pipes which channeled water over a short distance and followed the land.

How Water Got to Rome

The Roman system of aqueducts relied on gravity, allowing water to flow from higher elevations to lower ones. Roman engineers took advantage of natural slopes in the terrain.

How the Water was Distributed in Rome

When the water from the aqueduct reached a city, it went first to a system of brick-and-concrete tanks called castella, or castles. From there, the water was channeled to public baths and fountains and to private customers. Some of the water was used to flush out the city sewers. A city official called an Aedile had responsibility for overseeing the water system, including the aqueducts.

Significance of the Aqua Appia

The first Roman aqueduct was the Aqua Appia, built in 312 B.C. The Aqua Appia carried water to Rome from natural springs about ten miles outside the city. When this aqueduct could no longer provide enough water for the city, the Romans added a second one in 272 B.C.

sources of water brought to rome

Springs were by far the most common sources for aqueduct water; most of Rome's supply came from various springs in the Anio valley and its uplands.

how long did aqueducts function

There were 11 aqueducts that came into the city of Rome. Aqueducts sometimes run for some or all of their path through tunnels constructed underground.

the daily average consumption of water per person in Rome was..

200 gallons

modern counterparts

In 1904, the inadequacy of the Los Angeles River as a water supply for the growing city's 175,000 people came to a head.

Bibliography Part 2

"Aqueducts of Rome, Italy." Building the World. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2015.

"Construction Materials." Evan J. Dembskey, n.d. Web.

Diagram of an Aqueduct. Digital image. Ancient Roman Aqueducts. Crystalinks, n.d. Web. 6 May 2015.

Roman Aqueduct. Digital image. Roman Aqueducts. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 6 May 2015.