New France

By Muzammil

New France

New France was an area colonized by France in North America during a period beginning with the exploration of the st.Lawrence river by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Spain and Great Britain in 1763.In 1712 before the treaty of Utrecht,the territory of New France extended from Newfoundland to the Rocky Mountains and from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico.

Development of New France

In the early 17th century, the first permanent settlements in New France were established. In 1608 Samuel de Champlain, considered the founder of New France, built a habitation in what would later become Quebec City, making it his base for trade and other economic ventures. French colonists began to settle in the St. Lawrence Valley and Acadia.These early settlers played a major role in New France’s development by introducing newcomers from France to the land, climate, and the aboriginal nations who made North America their home.

Exploration in New France

As European explorers ventured further and further afield, trade thrived and new towns and trading posts sprang up. Although they attracted colonists and their descendents, the colony’s numbers remained too small to make much headway.In the late 17th century, faced with the inability of private interests to properly administer the colony, New France’s future was placed in the hands of the king.

Expanding of New France

French North America reached its peak in the 18th century. By this time, its boundaries had expanded considerably to encompass over half of the continent, extending all the way from Hudson Bay to Louisiana, and including a goodly portion of the present-day Maritime provinces, the entire St. Lawrence Valley, the Great Lakes Basin, and the Mississippi Valley. Like the other European powers of the time, France hoped to find a route across the continent to the Western Sea, and on to Asia.

The fall of New France

However, the British colonies, already a threat, became too populous and encircled New France. In 1713, France ceded Newfoundland, Acadia, and Hudson Bay to England under the Treaty of Utrecht. In the time of peace that followed, New France’s economy took off once more, allowing France to prepare for war.It was not long before war came.New France came to an end and was conquered in 1760 and handed over to England once and for all three years later under the treaty of Paris.