The Ancient

Greece Edition

The Ancient gathers articles and photographs from ancient civilizations, this edition is about Ancient Greece. This edition includes articles published then, articles about significant people, art / buildings, events and the wars. This gives a insiders look about how life was back then and the contributions of that civilization to modern society.

Sparta vs Athens - The Inside Scoop

The rivalry between oligarchical Sparta and the democratic Athens was more than just petty. It was a fight between brains and brawns. Sparta trained children who just came out of the womb, for Spartans actual war was a holiday compared to their tough training. And Athens, well Athens was calm compared to Sparta, in Athens there were playwrights, philosophers, and inventors; people who enjoyed thinking rather than fighting. Sparta and Athens did come together to fight the Persians but after that war was done they went back to hating each other and started the Peloponnesian War which lasted 27 years. The underlying causes for this were imperialism and alliances. Both these places wanted to expand, Athens for the sake of power and income and Sparta simply to protect itself and its narrow interests. Athens went ahead and created the Delian League (coastal Greece) so then Sparta created the Peloponnesian League (central Greece). Athens had the sea and Sparta was on land. This rivalry dominated Greece. The immediate cause for the war was Athenians interfering with affairs of Corinth which was part of the Peloponnesian league, and that was a big no-no, the peace treaty was broken and war erupted. During the Peloponnesian War victory was guaranteed to Athens, they were better prepared, were wealthier, and had more allies and a stronger navy. But nothing in life is easy, Athens was hit with a plague and if that wasn’t bad enough, Persia started suppling Sparta with ships. Sparta reacted to their winning with only malicious intent. The teared down Athens walls, Athens had to acknowledge Spartan leadership, 30 Tyrants empowered to rule Athens, all political exiles were to be taken back and it was just terrible. The rivalry was anything but civil and lasted for more than a century.

Peloponnesian War

Sunday, April 25th 404 at 3pm to Friday, April 25th 431 at 12:45pm

Athens

Sparta eventually won the Pelopennesian War. Athens was never the same again.


(This wont allow for the dates to go in BCE order)

Pericles

c. 495 – 429 BC

The most prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age— specifically the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars.

Pericles had such a profound influence on Athenian society that Thucydides acclaimed him as "the first citizen of Athens"

Weather

Poseidon blesses showers on Thursday

It will be sunny on Friday, bless !

Poseidon blesses showers on Saturday

It will be sunny on Sunday, thanks Zeus

On Monday it will be partly cloudy

Zeus and Poseidon team up to give a storm on Tuesday and Wednesday

Big image

The Persian Wars

Tuesday, May 4th 449 at 9pm to Monday, May 4th 499 at 11pm

Greece

A series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire of Persia and Greek city-states.


(This wont allow for the dates to go in BCE order)

Lives of Women in Athens and Sparta

Men were expected to take an active part in the public life of their city; women were expected to lead a private life as wives and mothers. Their lives were centred on the home. The purpose of an Athenian woman was to get married and have children. But in Sparta women led more active lives, participating in sporting events, as this would improve their physical strength and their ability to have healthy babies. In Athens a dowry worth up to 25% of the family’s wealth was given when their daughter was married, but in Sparta no dowries were given. Also in Athens girls were expected to marry at 16 however in Sparta women married around the ages 18 to 20 and had more control over their husbands. In the matters of divorce; Athens allowed divorce, the husband would have to pay back the dowry or 18% interest each year, remarriage would be allowed and the father would keep the children and be responsible for their upbringing whereas in Sparta women could divorce without the fear of losing their wealth, were not encouraged or discouraged from remarrying and most importantly women kept their children because biological paternity was not considered to be important. Athenian women were generally not educated and were given no rights much like slaves and metics. Spartan women could legally own property, and were better educated. Spartan women wore short skirts and were famous for having more freedom than their Athenian counterparts.
Big image

Alexander the Great

20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC

Alexander succeeded his father, Philip II, to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on an military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa. By the age of thirty he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to Egypt into northwest India and modern-day Pakistan. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history's most successful military commanders.

Alexander was tutored by the philosopher Aristotle until the age of 16.

He founded some twenty cities that bore his name, most notably Alexandria in Egypt.

The Panhellenic Games

The Panhellenic Games are held in honour of Zeus, Apollo, Hera, and Poseidon but mainly Zeus. Partly a religious festival and this takes place every 2 or 4 years beginning in 776 BC. Taking place in southern Greece, a valley near a city called Elis. The Olympic Games for Zeus are this year! All Greeks welcome to compete and watch! (Except for married women). 4 years ago there were over 50,000 Greeks in attendance! The events to compete in include: short sprint, pankration, wrestling, boxing, long jump, javelin, discus, and chariot racing. Remember in pankration, boxing, and wrestling there are no rules, but cheaters will be punished. A spectator exclaimed, “Once a wrestler broke his opponent's fingers at the beginning of the fight. He won.” The sacred truce is in action folks and is in act for a month before the games, the messengers have been sent to inform all, so there will be no fighting among the Greek city-states while everyone travels to Elis. The games will end with a great feast, lots of oxen for everyone. Some of the winners from 4 years ago include: Coroebus won the stadion, Exinetos won the short sprint (this was his second time winning). Winners are given an olive wreath as prizes and a hero’s welcome back home.



THE SCHEDULE OF THE GAMES:

Olympic - Olympia - 4 years - Zeus - Olive Wreath

Pythia - Delphi - 4 Years - Apollo - Laurel Wreath

Isthmian - Isthmia - 2 Years - Poseidon - Pine Wreath

Nemean - Nemea - 2 Years - Zeus - Wild Celery Wreath

Heraia - Hera - 4 Years - Hera - Olive Wreath

Big image

The Next Ostracism - Who and When

The assembly has voted and the ostracism will be taking in 2 months so get your ostrakas out! And those who have already been exiled before better start some good behaviour because no one wants to be like Alcibiades (exiled twice)!

Big image

Archimedes

c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC

Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor and astronomer. Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis. He is best known for Archimedes's principle which determines the volume of irregularly shapes. Archimedes died during the Siege of Syracuse when he was killed by a Roman soldier despite orders that he should not be harmed.

The Plague which Ruined Athens - 430 BC

Big image

Hippocrates

c. 460 – c. 370 BC

The father of modern medicine. Considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He was the founder of the Hippocratic School of Medicine. This intellectual school revolutionized medicine in ancient Greece, establishing it as a discipline distinct from other fields and thus establishing medicine as a profession.

Play Review - Oedipus the King by Sophocles

Synopsis: Oedipus the King tells the story of Oedipus, a man who becomes the king of Thebes, while unwittingly fulfilling a prophecy that he would kill his father, Laius, and marry his mother, Jocasta.


The trilogy containing Oedipus the King took second prize in the City Dionysia at its original performance. In his Poetics, Aristotle considered Oedipus the King to be the tragedy which best matched his prescription for how drama should be made.


Great acting, intriguing plot, 10/10 would recommend.

Big image

Trojan War

Friday, May 4th 1184 at 9pm to Wednesday, May 4th 1194 at 11pm

Troy

The war is one of the most important events in Greek mythology and has been narrated through many works of Greek literature, most notably through Homer's Iliad. Waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta.


(This wont allow for the dates to go in BCE order)

Big image

Philosopher's Suicide : Inside Socrates

Socrates taught Plato, Plato taught Aristotle and Aristotle taught Alexander the Great. It would be expected that words such as corrupting, deceiving and unbelieving would not describe someone that started a long and intriguing tradition of philosophy. And yet these are the words that were used to describe Socrates while he was accused of "refusing to recognize the gods recognized by the state" and "corrupting the youth" and was sentenced to death to be executed by his own hand. Socrates was well known among Athenians and it was also well known that he was anti-democracy. And these views turned people against him. 3 Athenians accused him and were given 3 hours to defend their accusation and after that Socrates was given 3 hours to defend himself. Socrates was found guilty by the jury: 280 – 220. When Socrates was given an opportunity to suggest a punishment for himself he offered a sarcastic comment that he should be awarded for his actions. He was to commit suicide by drinking hemlock. The attended passed him a cup and said, "Just drink it and walk around until your legs begin to feel heavy, then lie down. It will soon act." Many were saddened by his death while others were pleased. His disciple, Plato wrote about his death in The Phaedo. Nothing written by Socrates remains extant, and so his work is derived from secondary sources mainly Plato’s dialogues. It is unclear as to what degree to which Socrates himself is "hidden behind his 'best disciple', Plato".


Socrates c. 470/469 – 399 BC

How chill are you // Introvert or extrovert // Partner in crime

EXCERPT FROM THE ODYSSEY by HOMER

BOOK I - ATHENA INSPIRES THE PRINCE

Sing to me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns …

driven time and again off course, once he had plundered

the hallowed heights of Troy.

Many cities of men he saw and learned their minds,

many pains he suffered, heartsick on the open sea,

fighting to save his life and bring his comrades home.

But he could not save them from disaster, hard as he strove—

the recklessness of their own ways destroyed them all,

the blind fools, they devoured the cattle of the Sun

and the Sungod blotted out the day of their return.

Launch out on his story, Muse, daughter of Zeus,

start from where you will—sing for our time too.

By now,

all the survivors, all who avoided headlong death

were safe at home, escaped the wars and waves.


But one man alone …

his heart set on his wife and his return—Calypso,

the bewitching nymph, the lustrous goddess, held him back,

deep in her arching caverns, craving him for a husband.

But then, when the wheeling seasons brought the year around,

that year spun out by the gods when he should reach his home,

Ithaca—though not even there would he be free of trials,

even among his loved ones—then every god took pity,

all except Poseidon. He raged on, seething against

the great Odysseus till he reached his native land.

Architecture - The Parthenon

Construction began in 447 BC it was completed in 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC.

It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece. Its decorative sculptures are considered some of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy and western civilization, and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments.

Big image

Thargelia

One of the chief festivals of Apollo, celebrated on the sixth and seventh days of Thargelion. Purification took place on the first day of the festival, so that the town and townspeople could make a fresh start. One or two human scapegoats were chosen for their ugliness (or other undesirable qualities). They were called pharmakoi. They were treated like royalty, fed at the public's expense many exquisite delicacies for a day then whipped with vegetation and thus driven out of the city. Occasionally, as in times of heavy calamity, plague, the pharmakoi were sacrificed, usually either thrown into the sea or burned on a funeral pyre. Sometimes the pharmakoi were merely expelled from the city. On the second day of the festival an offering was made for the exiled people.

Big image

Hercules 1997

Story about the demigod Hercules, son of Zeus.
Hercules - Official Trailer 1997 [HD]