Sparta vs Athens - The Inside Scoop
The rivalry between oligarchical Sparta and the democratic Athens was more than just petty. It was a fight between brains and brawns. Sparta trained children who just came out of the womb, for Spartans actual war was a holiday compared to their tough training. And Athens, well Athens was calm compared to Sparta, in Athens there were playwrights, philosophers, and inventors; people who enjoyed thinking rather than fighting. Sparta and Athens did come together to fight the Persians but after that war was done they went back to hating each other and started the Peloponnesian War which lasted 27 years. The underlying causes for this were imperialism and alliances. Both these places wanted to expand, Athens for the sake of power and income and Sparta simply to protect itself and its narrow interests. Athens went ahead and created the Delian League (coastal Greece) so then Sparta created the Peloponnesian League (central Greece). Athens had the sea and Sparta was on land. This rivalry dominated Greece. The immediate cause for the war was Athenians interfering with affairs of Corinth which was part of the Peloponnesian league, and that was a big no-no, the peace treaty was broken and war erupted. During the Peloponnesian War victory was guaranteed to Athens, they were better prepared, were wealthier, and had more allies and a stronger navy. But nothing in life is easy, Athens was hit with a plague and if that wasn’t bad enough, Persia started suppling Sparta with ships. Sparta reacted to their winning with only malicious intent. The teared down Athens walls, Athens had to acknowledge Spartan leadership, 30 Tyrants empowered to rule Athens, all political exiles were to be taken back and it was just terrible. The rivalry was anything but civil and lasted for more than a century.
Sunday, April 25th 404 at 3pm to Friday, April 25th 431 at 12:45pm
(This wont allow for the dates to go in BCE order)
c. 495 – 429 BC
Pericles had such a profound influence on Athenian society that Thucydides acclaimed him as "the first citizen of Athens"
It will be sunny on Friday, bless !
Poseidon blesses showers on Saturday
It will be sunny on Sunday, thanks Zeus
On Monday it will be partly cloudy
Zeus and Poseidon team up to give a storm on Tuesday and Wednesday
The Persian Wars
Tuesday, May 4th 449 at 9pm to Monday, May 4th 499 at 11pm
(This wont allow for the dates to go in BCE order)
Lives of Women in Athens and Sparta
Alexander the Great
Alexander succeeded his father, Philip II, to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on an military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa. By the age of thirty he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to Egypt into northwest India and modern-day Pakistan. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history's most successful military commanders.
Alexander was tutored by the philosopher Aristotle until the age of 16.
He founded some twenty cities that bore his name, most notably Alexandria in Egypt.
The Panhellenic Games
The Panhellenic Games are held in honour of Zeus, Apollo, Hera, and Poseidon but mainly Zeus. Partly a religious festival and this takes place every 2 or 4 years beginning in 776 BC. Taking place in southern Greece, a valley near a city called Elis. The Olympic Games for Zeus are this year! All Greeks welcome to compete and watch! (Except for married women). 4 years ago there were over 50,000 Greeks in attendance! The events to compete in include: short sprint, pankration, wrestling, boxing, long jump, javelin, discus, and chariot racing. Remember in pankration, boxing, and wrestling there are no rules, but cheaters will be punished. A spectator exclaimed, “Once a wrestler broke his opponent's fingers at the beginning of the fight. He won.” The sacred truce is in action folks and is in act for a month before the games, the messengers have been sent to inform all, so there will be no fighting among the Greek city-states while everyone travels to Elis. The games will end with a great feast, lots of oxen for everyone. Some of the winners from 4 years ago include: Coroebus won the stadion, Exinetos won the short sprint (this was his second time winning). Winners are given an olive wreath as prizes and a hero’s welcome back home.
THE SCHEDULE OF THE GAMES:
Olympic - Olympia - 4 years - Zeus - Olive Wreath
Pythia - Delphi - 4 Years - Apollo - Laurel Wreath
Isthmian - Isthmia - 2 Years - Poseidon - Pine Wreath
Nemean - Nemea - 2 Years - Zeus - Wild Celery Wreath
Heraia - Hera - 4 Years - Hera - Olive Wreath
The Next Ostracism - Who and When
The assembly has voted and the ostracism will be taking in 2 months so get your ostrakas out! And those who have already been exiled before better start some good behaviour because no one wants to be like Alcibiades (exiled twice)!
c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC
The Plague which Ruined Athens - 430 BC
c. 460 – c. 370 BC
Play Review - Oedipus the King by Sophocles
Synopsis: Oedipus the King tells the story of Oedipus, a man who becomes the king of Thebes, while unwittingly fulfilling a prophecy that he would kill his father, Laius, and marry his mother, Jocasta.
The trilogy containing Oedipus the King took second prize in the City Dionysia at its original performance. In his Poetics, Aristotle considered Oedipus the King to be the tragedy which best matched his prescription for how drama should be made.
Great acting, intriguing plot, 10/10 would recommend.
Friday, May 4th 1184 at 9pm to Wednesday, May 4th 1194 at 11pm
(This wont allow for the dates to go in BCE order)
Philosopher's Suicide : Inside Socrates
Socrates taught Plato, Plato taught Aristotle and Aristotle taught Alexander the Great. It would be expected that words such as corrupting, deceiving and unbelieving would not describe someone that started a long and intriguing tradition of philosophy. And yet these are the words that were used to describe Socrates while he was accused of "refusing to recognize the gods recognized by the state" and "corrupting the youth" and was sentenced to death to be executed by his own hand. Socrates was well known among Athenians and it was also well known that he was anti-democracy. And these views turned people against him. 3 Athenians accused him and were given 3 hours to defend their accusation and after that Socrates was given 3 hours to defend himself. Socrates was found guilty by the jury: 280 – 220. When Socrates was given an opportunity to suggest a punishment for himself he offered a sarcastic comment that he should be awarded for his actions. He was to commit suicide by drinking hemlock. The attended passed him a cup and said, "Just drink it and walk around until your legs begin to feel heavy, then lie down. It will soon act." Many were saddened by his death while others were pleased. His disciple, Plato wrote about his death in The Phaedo. Nothing written by Socrates remains extant, and so his work is derived from secondary sources mainly Plato’s dialogues. It is unclear as to what degree to which Socrates himself is "hidden behind his 'best disciple', Plato".
Socrates c. 470/469 – 399 BC
Looks chill, doesn't act chill // extrovert // partner in crime : Pisces
Looks chill, acts chill // both // partner in crime : Leo
Looks chill, doesn't act chill // extrovert // partner in crime : Scorpio
Doesn't look chill, doesn't act chill // introvert // partner in crime : Aquarius
Doesn't look chill, doesn't act chill // extrovert // partner in crime : Taures
Doesn't look chill, acts chill // introvert // partner in crime : Sagittarius
Looks chill, acts chill // extrovert // partner in crime : Capricorn
Doesn't look chill, doesn't act chill // introvert // partner in crime : Gemini
Doesn't look chill, acts chill // extrovert // partner in crime : Virgo
Looks chill, acts chill // introvert // partner in crime : Libra
Looks chill, doesn't act chill // both // partner in crime : Cancer
Doesn't look chill, acts chill // introvert // partner in crime : Aries
EXCERPT FROM THE ODYSSEY by HOMER
BOOK I - ATHENA INSPIRES THE PRINCE
Sing to me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns …
driven time and again off course, once he had plundered
the hallowed heights of Troy.
Many cities of men he saw and learned their minds,
many pains he suffered, heartsick on the open sea,
ﬁghting to save his life and bring his comrades home.
But he could not save them from disaster, hard as he strove—
the recklessness of their own ways destroyed them all,
the blind fools, they devoured the cattle of the Sun
and the Sungod blotted out the day of their return.
Launch out on his story, Muse, daughter of Zeus,
start from where you will—sing for our time too.
all the survivors, all who avoided headlong death
were safe at home, escaped the wars and waves.
But one man alone …
his heart set on his wife and his return—Calypso,
the bewitching nymph, the lustrous goddess, held him back,
deep in her arching caverns, craving him for a husband.
But then, when the wheeling seasons brought the year around,
that year spun out by the gods when he should reach his home,
Ithaca—though not even there would he be free of trials,
even among his loved ones—then every god took pity,
all except Poseidon. He raged on, seething against
the great Odysseus till he reached his native land.
Architecture - The Parthenon
It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece. Its decorative sculptures are considered some of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy and western civilization, and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments.
One of the chief festivals of Apollo, celebrated on the sixth and seventh days of Thargelion. Purification took place on the first day of the festival, so that the town and townspeople could make a fresh start. One or two human scapegoats were chosen for their ugliness (or other undesirable qualities). They were called pharmakoi. They were treated like royalty, fed at the public's expense many exquisite delicacies for a day then whipped with vegetation and thus driven out of the city. Occasionally, as in times of heavy calamity, plague, the pharmakoi were sacrificed, usually either thrown into the sea or burned on a funeral pyre. Sometimes the pharmakoi were merely expelled from the city. On the second day of the festival an offering was made for the exiled people.