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The colony of Pennsylvania was founded as an English colony in 1682 by William Penn and a group of religiously tolerant Quakers in Philadelphia. It was originally named the Providence of Pennsylvania after William Penn and 'sylvania' meaning forest land, but it was later shortened to just Pennsylvania. It was founded mainly with religious freedom in mind for the Quakers but it also proved to be very valuable for trade and profits from it's land and natural resources.
Walkthrough of Events
1682: William Penn arrived in Pennsylvania and plotted Philadelphia. He also created the first three counties: Philadelphia, Bucks, and Chester. The very first Assembly was held.
1683: William Penn signed a peace treaty with the Lenape Indians.
1688: The Quakers in Germantown accepted the first antislavery motion in America.
1701: William Penn drew up a Charter of Privileges which established religious freedom for Pennsylvania.
1712: Pennsylvania banned slave imports.
1731: Benjamin Franklin opened the very first library in America.
1737: In the Walking Purchase, Pennsylvania purchased a large amount of Indian lands from the Lenape Indians.
Why Settle Here?
William Penn and the group of Quakers that founded this colony did so mainly for the idea of religious freedom and tolerance. England saw Pennsylvania as rich with valuable natural resources and farming and woodland. Both groups could receive what they wanted; the Quakers received religious freedom and England saw countless opportunities for trade and profits from its abundance of resources and land.
Location and Trade/Industry
Type of Colony
Benjamin Franklin is also a very important person for Pennsylvania. He introduced the very first library of America in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and he chartered the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia.