Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Ashna Kumar

What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder?

PTSD is the development of symptoms following exposure to a traumatic event. Traumatic events can be experienced directly or indirectly which include assaults, serious car accident, a natural disaster, personal assault and abuse, terrorist attacks and military combat.

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Signs and Symptoms of PTSD

Symptoms

  • Reliving traumatic event
  • Avoiding reminders of the trauma
  • Emotional numbness – feeling numb or detached
  • Hypervigilance – startled easily, on edge jumpy irritable, or tense. Increased stress hormones the person may have trouble sleeping or difficulty concentrating

How does PTSD affect someone?

Effects

Any kind of extreme stress, involves direct personal experience that involve threatened or actual death or injury to a family member or close friend.
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How is it diagnosed?

Psychiatrist

Psychologist

Or other therapist

How is it treated?

Mental health professionals who specializes in anxiety problems. Having a support system of family and friends. Talking about the event in a safe environment. Working through memories and worries can help reduce symptoms like nightmares and flashbacks.

Fun Fact

An estimated 5% of Americans, more than 13,000,000 people experience a traumatic event and up to 20% of these people develop PTSD.